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Surgery (surgical procedures A-Z)

Abdominoplasty

Abdominoplasty (also called a ‘tummy tuck’) is cosmetic surgery to alter the shape of the abdomen. Learn about the procedure and the questions to ask.

Amputation

An amputation can affect every area of a person’s life, both at home and at work. They will need plenty of help and support as they adapt.

Angioplasty

Angioplasty is performed to increase the flow of blood through a narrowed artery. Learn how to prepare for angioplasty and what to expect.

Aortic valve replacement

The aortic valves in the heart keep blood flowing in the correct direction. Learn how to prepare for an aortic valve replacement and what to expect.

Appendectomy

Appendectomy is an operation to remove an infected or inflamed appendix. Learn how to prepare for the procedure and what to expect.

Arthroscopy

An arthroscopy lets a doctor inspect the inside of a joint using a small, fibre-optic video camera at the end of a tube. Surgery may follow.

Biopsy

A biopsy helps a doctor diagnose a medical condition. Find out more about what they are, about the different types, and about why biopsies are done.

Image of bra on coloured background to signify breast augmentation.

Breast augmentation (breast implants)

Women undergo breast implant surgery for many reasons. Learn about the procedure and the questions to ask.

Bronchoscopy

During a bronchoscopy, a doctor views your airways and lungs. By inserting a tube attached to a camera, they aim to diagnose or treat a condition.

Cardiac catheterisation

Cardiac catheterisation ('cardiac cath' or 'heart cath’) is a common procedure that lets cardiologists examine or treat the heart and arteries.

Cataract surgery

Learn more about this procedure, which involves replacing the cloudy lens of the eye with a clear plastic lens.

Cholecystectomy

A cholecystectomy is surgery to remove the gallbladder, and is usually done using keyhole surgery. Find out how and why this operation is performed.

Cochlear implant

Cochlear implants are electronic devices that stimulate the hearing nerve to provide sounds directly to the brain. They are designed to improve hearin...

Colonoscopy

A colonoscopy is usually a straightforward medical procedure. It’s designed to help diagnose or treat potentially harmful medical conditions.

Colostomy

A colostomy is surgery to bring part of the colon to the surface of the body to form an opening. Waste is collected using a bag called a stoma pouch.

Colposcopy

A colposcopy is a minor procedure to examine the health of a woman’s cervix. It may include a biopsy to examine tissue.

Cystoscopy

A cystoscopy – when a doctor looks inside your bladder using a small camera – can help in diagnosing conditions that affect the bladder.

Dilatation and Curettage

Dilatation (also known as dilation) and curettage is a process which scrapes tissue from the inside of the womb, used to diagnose and treat conditions...

Endoscopy

An endoscopy is a procedure that gives your doctor a direct view of your body’s internal organs. Learn about the procedure and how to prepare for it.

Facelift

A facelift is a form of cosmetic surgery designed to change a person’s facial appearance by reducing lines and wrinkles.

Gastric bypass surgery

Gastric bypass surgery, a very effective surgery for weight loss, helps you lose weight by changing how your stomach and small intestine absorb food.

Gastric sleeve surgery

Gastric sleeve surgery involves the removal of a large part of your stomach. It helps you to feel full after eating only a small amount of food.

Gastroscopy

Gastroscopy is a procedure where a tube, inserted into the mouth, down the oesophagus, and into the stomach is used to view these organs.

Hair transplant

Hair transplantation is a treatment option for baldness. It’s a surgery which transfers hair from where it is thicker to hairless areas of the scalp.

Haemorrhoidectomy

Haemorrhoidectomy is a surgical procedure to remove haemorrhoids. It’s common, generally safe and is usually carried out under a general anaesthetic.

Heart transplants

A heart transplant is an operation to replace a damaged heart with a healthy donor heart. Learn about waiting lists and life after a transplant.

Hemicolectomy

A hemicolectomy is an operation where a section of the large intestine is removed. It is usually done to treat a condition such as bowel cancer.

Hip replacement

A hip replacement is recommended when someone is suffering from severe hip pain and other treatments have not worked.

Female adult patient talking with doctor about hysterectomy.

Hysterectomy

A hysterectomy is surgery to remove the uterus or womb. Read about the different types of hysterectomy and why this kind of surgery may be needed.

Hysteroscopy

A hysteroscopy is a procedure to look inside the uterus (womb) using a small camera.. Learn how to prepare for the procedure and what to expect.

Kidney transplant

A kidney transplant is considered a long-term alternative to kidney dialysis. Find out what you need to consider before having the procedure.

Knee replacement

A knee replacement may be recommended if you are suffering from knee pain and treatments suggested by your doctor have not relieved the pain.

Laminectomy

A laminectomy is recommended to ease back pain but only if alternative treatments such as physiotherapy and medication have not worked.

Laparoscopy

A laparoscopy is a type of keyhole surgery performed in the abdominal (belly) area. Learn more about when and why a laparoscopy is used.

Laparotomy

A laparotomy is an operation that allows surgeons to examine the inside of your abdomen and the internal organs. Find out why it might be needed.

Lap band

Lap band, also called gastric banding, is a type of weight loss that helps you to feel full after eating only a small amount of food.

Laryngectomy

A laryngectomy is surgery to remove the larynx, most often because of a cancer of the larynx. Either the whole or a part of the larynx can be removed.

Liposuction

Liposuction is a type of cosmetic surgery. Learn more about the procedure, including why it is not an option for weight reduction.

Lumbar puncture

Lumbar puncture involves putting a needle into the lower back to diagnose and sometimes treat problems of the brain and spinal cord.

Male circumcision

Male circumcision involves the surgical removal of the foreskin, the protective sleeve of skin that covers the head of the penis.

Female adult patient in surgical gown, smiling, while talking to surgeon prior to mastectomy.

Mastectomy

A mastectomy is an operation to remove a breast, usually to treat breast cancer. Learn how to prepare and what to expect if you need this surgery.

Ovariectomy

Ovariectomy is the surgical removal of one or both ovaries, usually performed to treat an ovarian cyst, ovarian cancer or other ovary-related problem.

PEG tube placement

A percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube may be inserted to supply food direct to the stomach if a person cannot eat enough food.

Rhinoplasty

Rhinoplasty (often called a ‘nose job’) is surgery to repair or reshape the nose. But what questions must you ask before having one? Learn more here.

Salpingectomy

Salpingectomy is the removal of one or both of a woman's fallopian tubes, usually to treat cancer, endometriosis or ectopic pregnancy.

Thyroidectomy

A thyroidectomy is the removal of all or part of the thyroid gland. It may be used to treat thyroid cancer or an enlarged or overactive thyroid.

Tonsillectomy

A tonsillectomy is surgery to remove the tonsils. It is a safe procedure and is performed under general anaesthetic.

Tracheostomy

A tracheostomy is performed to create a small opening in the front of the neck into the windpipe to allow breathing through the throat.

TURP

Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) is an operation used to treat serious prostate problems. Learn what it involves here and potential comp...

Tubal ligation

Tubal ligation is a permanent form of female contraception. Learn more about risks, complications and alternatives to permanent female sterilisation.

Vasectomy

A vasectomy is a surgical procedure that sterilises a man. Read more about the vasectomy procedure, what to expect and how soon a vasectomy will work.

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