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Heart surgery

Heart surgery is done when other treatments including lifestyle changes, medicines and other procedures no longer work or can’t be used. You may also need heart surgery in an emergency, such as a heart attack.

Heart surgery ranges from minimally invasive to open-heart surgeries. Learn about the different types of procedures, below.


Angioplasty is performed to increase the flow of blood through a narrowed artery. Learn how to prepare for angioplasty and what to expect.

Aortic valve replacement

The aortic valves in the heart keep blood flowing in the correct direction. Learn how to prepare for an aortic valve replacement and what to expect.

Coronary artery bypass graft

Coronary artery disease can cause pain, shortness of breath and heart attacks. A coronary artery bypass graft can relieve pain and improve breathing.

Heart transplants

A heart transplant is an operation to replace a damaged heart with a healthy donor heart. Learn about waiting lists and life after a transplant.

Implantable cardioverter defibrillators

An ICD, sometimes called ACID (automated implantable cardioverter defibrillator), may be needed if you have an abnormally fast or irregular heartbeat.

Mitral valve surgery

Mitral valve disease can cause chest pain and shortness of breath. Mitral valve surgery can relieve pain, improve your breathing and energy levels.


A pacemaker is a medical device put in the chest to correct heart problems, such as irregular heartbeat or heart muscle problems.

Percutaneous coronary intervention

Coronary artery disease can cause pain, shortness of breath and heart attacks. A PCI is usually a safe and effective way to relieve your pain.

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