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Toe and forefoot amputation

3-minute read

This page will give you information about a toe and forefoot amputation. If you have any questions, you should ask your GP or other relevant health professional.

What is foot disease?

Foot disease is where the tissues (skin and muscles) of your foot are dying.

Atherosclerosis happens when abnormal fatty material (atheroma) coats the inside of an artery, causing it to narrow or ‘harden’. The amount of blood flowing through the artery is reduced.

What are the benefits of surgery?

Surgery should relieve any pain, prevent the spread of infection, remove dead tissue, improve your mobility and can sometimes help you to return to normal activities.

Are there any alternatives to surgery?

The alternative is to take strong painkillers to treat any pain and to take antibiotics if you have an infection. However, this may still not be enough to relieve all the pain, and leaving dead or infected tissue untreated can be dangerous as the infection can spread.

Illustration comparing a normal artery to a narrowed artery.
a A normal artery
b A narrowed artery

What does the operation involve?

Various anaesthetic techniques are possible.

The operation usually takes 15 minutes to an hour.

Your surgeon will remove any dead or infected tissue and will leave as much healthy tissue as possible.

Your surgeon may need to perform the amputation below your knee.

What complications can happen?

Some complications can be serious and can even cause death.

General complications of any operation

  • pain
  • bleeding
  • unsightly scarring of your skin
  • blood clot in your leg
  • blood clot in your lung
  • difficulty passing urine

Specific complications of this operation

  • damage to small blood vessels
  • amputation failure
  • infection of the surgical site (wound)
  • phantom limb sensation, where you can still feel the amputated part of your foot
  • severe pain, stiffness and loss of use of your foot

How soon will I recover?

You will usually stay on the ward for up to 10 days so your wound can be checked.

The healthcare team will tell you when you can return to normal activities. You may not be able to go back home but will need to go into other accommodation appropriate to your physical abilities.

Regular exercise should help you to return to normal activities as soon as possible. Before you start exercising, ask the healthcare team or your GP for advice.

You can expect to make a good recovery with a better quality of life.


Foot disease is a common condition caused by a poor blood supply to your foot. Removing any dead or infected tissue should prevent the spread of infection and improve your mobility.


The operation and treatment information on this page is published under license by Healthdirect Australia from EIDO Healthcare Australia and is protected by copyright laws. Other than for your personal, non-commercial use, you may not copy, print out, download or otherwise reproduce any of the information. The information should not replace advice that your relevant health professional would give you. Medical Illustration Copyright ©

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Last reviewed: September 2021

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