Rhinoplasty is a form of cosmetic surgery to repair or reshape the nose. Some people have rhinoplasty to correct a structural problem with their nose, while others do it for cosmetic reasons, or both. It is also called a 'nose job'.
What can rhinoplasty do?
Rhinoplasty can correct physical problems with the nose including:
Rhinoplasty can also be used for cosmetic reasons to straighten a crooked nose or to remove a hump or dent on the bridge of the nose.
The surgery may involve a procedure called septoplasty, which corrects a deviated septum (the bone and cartilage between the two nostrils).
If you are thinking about rhinoplasty
Consider whether you really need rhinoplasty. Different people have different ideas about what is the 'right' nose shape, but you should not feel pressured by anyone into having surgery.
Rhinoplasty might be needed to improve your health, but if you are thinking about having the surgery for cosmetic reasons, you should also think about whether your expectations are realistic.
You should be aware that:
- If you are under 18, the Medical Board of Australia guidelines require your doctor to refer you for a psychological assessment and you will need to wait for a cooling off period of 3 months before having rhinoplasty.
- Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) or other behavioural therapy may help if you are feeling depressed, have low self-esteem or body dysmorphic disorder.
- Sometimes the operation is unsuccessful and you may need further surgery.
If you're considering purely cosmetic surgery for a child, specialists recommend it be delayed until the child's nose is fully grown, at around 16 years for girls and 17 for boys.
Choosing a surgeon
If you are considering rhinoplasty, it is important to choose a surgeon you feel comfortable with, and who will speak to you honestly about the benefits and risks of this type of surgery.
The Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA) has a register of medical practitioners. You can check this register to ensure your surgeon is a Fellow of the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons (RACS). You can also check whether the surgeon has had any serious disciplinary action taken against them.
Some people consider having cosmetic surgery overseas, but there can be many problems with this.
Questions to ask before surgery
There are many things to consider before having any operation. Ask your surgeon some questions about surgery in general, as well as about rhinoplasty. Some questions you might want to ask include:
- What are the risks for a person in my state of health and stage of life?
- What is your success rate with rhinoplasty?
- What form of nose surgery, if any, do you recommend for me?
- What will my nose look like once I have recovered from the operation?
- Can you show me 'before and after' photographs of other patients?
- How long is my recovery likely to take?
- What is the cost?
You can also use the Question Builder tool to create your question list for the appointment. Prepare your list, then print or email it so you remember what you want to ask.
How to prepare for rhinoplasty
Your surgeon needs a full medical history and will discuss your expectations. Take notice of any pre-surgery instructions given to you by your doctors.
Smoking makes recovery more difficult, so if you smoke, you will need to stop.
What happens during a rhinoplasty procedure
There are many ways to perform a rhinoplasty, so ask your surgeon what is planned.
You would typically have a general anaesthetic. The surgeon will make a small incision inside your nostrils or through the base of your nose.
From there, the surgeon might cut away some bone and cartilage to reshape your nose. If more cartilage is needed for a nose reconstruction, it can be taken from inside your nose, your ear or if necessary from other parts of the body.
The surgeon replaces the skin and tissue over the cartilage and then stitches up the cut. A splint is placed outside the nose to hold it in shape as it heals.
The splint and bandages are generally removed after about a week.
What to expect after rhinoplasty
You will probably have pain, headaches, swelling and bruising. The bruising can take 7 to 10 days to disappear and the swelling several weeks. You will be asked to keep your head raised when resting, and your doctor might recommend ice packs to reduce the swelling. You might be prescribed medication to control pain and prevent infection.
Expect some mucus or bleeding from your nose in the first few days. Don't blow your nose for at least 7 days.
Risks of rhinoplasty
Like any surgery, rhinoplasty comes with risks. You should discuss the risks in detail with your surgeon. You should also discuss the risks of anaesthetic with your anaesthetist.
The risks with rhinoplasty include:
- heavy nosebleeds
- an infection that may need antibiotic treatment or further surgery
- severe or ongoing pain
- permanent numbness around the nose or your front teeth
- reduced or (in rare cases) a loss of sense of smell
- abnormal thick scars
- dark skin under the eyes
- difficulty breathing because of narrowed airways
Some people find that after surgery, their nose is uneven or does not look how they had hoped. In this case, they may need further surgery.
The cost of rhinoplasty varies from patient to patient and includes:
- surgeon's fees
- anaesthetist's fees
- clinic or hospital fees
- medication, dressings and support garments
Your surgeon must provide you with information in writing about the cost of rhinoplasty. This should include:
- the total cost
- details of deposits and required payment dates
- payments for follow-up care
- possible further costs for additional revision surgery or treatment
If you are considering rhinoplasty, you should first discuss it with your doctor. More information is also available in our guide to cosmetic surgery.
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Last reviewed: December 2019