What is a psychologist?
Psychologists are experts in human behaviour. They have studied how the mind works and how people think, react and behave. A psychologist has had years of education and training.
A psychologist who can offer treatment to people is known as a clinical psychologist. They will have a masters degree or a doctorate in psychology, but they also have to gain experience working in a hospital or with a community mental health service.
They are not doctors or psychiatrists, and they can’t prescribe medication. Learn more about the differences between a psychiatrist and a psychologist here.
Your doctor can refer you to a psychologist who will let you know what is the best treatment for you. If you are a child’s parent or the carer of a child who needs treatment by a psychiatrist or a psychologist, they will work with you and other health professionals.
Clinical psychologists must be registered with the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). You can check this at the AHPRA website.
What do psychologists do?
Clinical psychologists work in areas such as schools, hospitals, community health services, courts, prisons, businesses and private practices.
They may specialise in helping children, teenagers or families. More information about the types of psychologists is available on the Australian Psychological Society (APS) website.
You might visit a psychologist for help with problems such as:
- depression, anxiety or stress
- drug and alcohol abuse
- learning difficulties
- eating disorders
- fears and phobias
- financial stress
- low self-esteem
- post-traumatic stress disorder
- relationship breakups
- domestic violence
- grief or loss.
Before you start seeing a psychologist, have a short chat with them on the phone. Talk about how you feel, and how you would like to feel. Ask them about their experience working with people like you and in your situation. Ask them what type of therapy they usually offer, and think about whether or not it suits you.
Other questions to ask may include:
- How can you help me?
- How many sessions do I need?
- How often do I need to see you?
- How much do you charge?
Read more about speaking to your doctor about mental health here.
What are the costs and subsidies involved?
If you see your doctor, they might refer you to a psychologist with a mental health treatment plan. If so, Medicare covers some or all of the costs. You can see a psychologist without a mental health treatment plan, but then Medicare doesn’t help with the fees.
Private health insurance may not cover costs. If you have private health insurance, speak to your doctor or psychologist about what is covered.
How to find a psychologist
You can find a psychologist by using the APS search engine, or a clinical psychologist by using the Australian Clinical Psychology Association’s search directory.
The Black Dog Institute website has lots of information on psychologists and clinical psychologists.
beyondblue has information about different types of treatment for depression.
Last reviewed: May 2016