Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (abbreviated as ADHD or sometimes just ADD) affects mostly children but also some adults.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is characterised by symptoms including inattention, hyperactivity and impulsive behaviour. These symptoms are associated with learning, behavioural and emotional problems.
Types of ADHD
There are 3 types of ADHD:
- Inattentive ADHD means a person is easily distractible or inattentive but isn’t hyperactive or impulsive.
- Hyperactive-Impulsive ADHD occurs when a person has symptoms of impulsivity and hyperactivity, but can maintain concentration.
- Combined ADHD is where a person has a mixture of symptoms including hyperactivity, inattention, and impulsivity.
Treatment for ADHD
Everyone gets restless and distracted from time to time. But for people with ADHD it can be extremely hard to stay focused on a task. The good news is that ADHD is treatable. Psychological and behaviour therapies, and medication can all be effective. For children, positive parenting techniques are also recommended.
Last reviewed: July 2016