Healthdirect Free Australian health advice you can count on.

Medical problem? Call 1800 022 222. If you need urgent medical help, call triple zero immediately

healthdirect Australia is a free service where you can talk to a nurse or doctor who can help you know what to do.

beginning of content

Risk and causes of liver cancer

Doctors don’t always know what causes primary liver cancer. Your risk of getting primary liver cancer is greatly increased if you have a chronic hepatitis B or hepatitis C infection with permanent liver scarring or damage, known as cirrhosis.

You are also more likely to develop primary liver cancer than other people if you:

In developing countries, many people get liver cancer from eating food contaminated with aflatoxins - from moulds that grow on nuts, soya beans, corn, wheat and other grains.

Preventing or slowing liver cancer

Hepatitis B infections can be prevented by vaccination.

Early diagnosis of hepatitis B and hepatitis C is an important way of preventing liver cancer. If you are in close contact with someone with hepatitis B or C, have sex with them, share drug needles or are exposed to their blood or body fluids, you should be tested to make sure you are not infected.

If you have hepatitis B or C, then your doctor may prescribe antiviral drugs to suppress the infection and reduce your risk of getting liver cancer. Your doctor may also monitor you regularly to detect problems early.

Last reviewed: June 2017

Need more information?

These trusted information partners have more on this topic.

Found 202 results

Liver cancer

Liver cancer can start within the liver (called primary liver cancer) or come from other parts of the body and spread to the liver (called secondary liver cancer, or liver metastases).

Read more on myDr website

Liver cancer

Information on primary and secondary liver cancer, including how common it is, symptoms and risk factors.

Read more on Cancer Council Victoria website

Liver Cancer Treatment - Targeting Cancer

Learn more about liver cancer and the different treatments available.

Read more on Radiation Oncology Targeting Cancer website

Liver Cancer (Hepatocellular Carcinoma) | myVMC

Liver cancer or hepatocellular carcinoma is associated with hepatitis and alcoholism. It is more common in men and in South-East Asia and Africa.

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

Liver Cancer - Information, Treatment & Support - CanTeen

The liver is the largest organ in the body and cancers of this organ develop into carcinomas. Learn more about causes and treatments of liver cancer with CanTeen.

Read more on CanTeen website

Liver cancer fact sheet | Cancer Australia

An overview of liver cancer including types, symptoms, risk factors, diagnosis, treatment and finding support.

Read more on Cancer Australia website

Liver cancer - Cancer Pathways

Qualified cancer nurses can answer your questions about the effects of cancer, explain what will happen during treatment or link you to support groups and other community resources.

Read more on Cancer Council Victoria website

Liver cancer | Better Health Channel

Read more on Better Health Channel website

Radiofrequency tumour ablation | myVMC

Medical information about radiofrequency tumour ablation

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

Liver tumours | Cancer Australia Children's Cancers

Information on liver tumours, including risk factors, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment.

Read more on Cancer Australia website

Healthdirect 24hr 7 days a week hotline

24 hour health advice and information you can count on

1800 022 222

Government Accredited with over 140 information partners

We are a government-funded service, providing quality, approved health information

Australian Government, health department logo ACT Government logo New South Wales government, health department logo Northen Territory Government logo Government of South Australia, health department logo Tasmanian government logo Government of Western Australia, health department logo
Feedback