Female reproductive system
The female reproductive system involves organs such as the uterus (womb), ovaries, fallopian tubes and vagina, as well as hormones.
Cancer of the uterus
Uterine cancer is the most common gynaecological cancer. You can find out more about the different types of uterine cancer by reading our trusted partner pages.
An ectopic pregnancy is when a fertilised egg implants itself outside the womb, usually in one of the fallopian tubes.
Salpingectomy is the removal of one or both of a woman's fallopian tubes, usually to treat cancer, endometriosis or ectopic pregnancy.
Bartholin’s cysts can develop if the ducts of the Bartholin's glands, found inside the vagina, become blocked. Learn about the causes and treatment.
Dilatation and curettage
Dilatation (also known as dilation) and curettage is a process which scrapes tissue from the inside of the womb, used to diagnose and treat conditions and after a miscarriage.
Thermal balloon endometrial ablation
Thermal balloon endometrial ablation is an operation that uses a balloon filled with hot water to remove the lining of your uterus (womb) to reduce or stop periods.
A laproscopic ophorectomy is an operation to remove one of or both your ovaries, most commonly because of an ovarian cyst.
Radio-frequency endometrial ablation
A radio-frequency endometrial ablation is an operation that uses radio-frequency energy to remove the lining of your uterus (womb). Usually this is done to reduce or stop periods.
Although it can affect any woman, vaginal dryness is most common in women who have experienced menopause.