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Pituitary hormones

1-minute read

The pituitary is a small, pea-sized gland located at the base of the brain. The pituitary acts as the body's “master gland”, as it sends hormone signals to other glands in the body to direct them what to do. These secondary endocrine glands include the thyroid and adrenal glands and the ovaries and testes, directing them to produce thyroid hormone, cortisol, estrogen, testosterone, and other hormones.

These hormones affect metabolism, blood pressure, sexuality, reproduction and other vital body functions. The pituitary gland also produces growth hormone and prolactin for milk production.

Follow the links below to find trusted information about pituitary hormones.

Last reviewed: August 2016

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Pituitary hormones initiatives

This page contains information on the relation between human pituitary hormone treatment and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) as well as Government's initiatives for the control and prevention of CJD.

Read more on Department of Health website

Pituitary tumour

Generally, pituitary tumours are benign (not cancerous) and slow growing, and pituitary cancers are rare. Benign tumours don’t spread to other parts of the body, so there is no chance of secondary tumours developing. Treatment may include surgery, radiation therapy and medication.

Read more on Better Health Channel website

Prolactinoma | myVMC

Prolactinoma or tumours of the pituitary gland cause sexual dysfunction in men and irregular menstrual periods in women due to reduced pituitary hormones.

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

Hypopituitarism | myVMC

Hypopituitarism is a disease of the Pituitary Gland

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

Pituitary disorders - Lab Tests Online AU

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Read more on Lab Tests Online website

Pituitary dwarfism (Growth hormone deficiency, Panhypopituitarism) | myVMC

Pituitary dwarfism or panhypopituitarism is a growth hormone deficiency that causes children to be abnormally short, with otherwise normal body proportions.

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

Pituitary Gland Cancer (Carcinoma of the Pituitary gland) | myVMC

Pituitary gland cancer or carcinoma of the pituitary gland is a rare cancer treated with radiotherapy and surgery. It runs in families.

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

Growth hormone - Better Health Channel

Some athletes and bodybuilders wrongly believe that taking synthetic growth hormone will help build up their muscles.

Read more on Better Health Channel website

Diabetes Insipidus - Central | myVMC

Diabetes insipidus central is characterised by inadequate production of anti-diuretic hormone, which regulates water in the body, by the pituitary gland.

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

FSH - Lab Tests Online AU

Why and when to get tested for FSH

Read more on Lab Tests Online website

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