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Pituitary hormones

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The pituitary is a small, pea-sized gland located at the base of the brain. The pituitary acts as the body's “master gland”, as it sends hormone signals to other glands in the body to direct them what to do. These secondary endocrine glands include the thyroid and adrenal glands and the ovaries and testes, directing them to produce thyroid hormone, cortisol, estrogen, testosterone, and other hormones.

These hormones affect metabolism, blood pressure, sexuality, reproduction and other vital body functions. The pituitary gland also produces growth hormone and prolactin for milk production.

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Last reviewed: August 2016


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Growth Hormone Deficiency - Hormones Australia

Growth hormone deficiency is a rare condition where the pituitary gland does not produce enough growth hormone (GH). Symptoms in adulthood vary in severity.

Read more on Hormones Australia website

Pituitary Gland - Hormones Australia

What hormones are produced by the pituitary gland? The pituitary gland produces a range of hormones, including adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH), growth hormone (GH), thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinising hormone (LH) and prolactin.

Read more on Hormones Australia website

Growth hormone - Lab Tests Online AU

Why and when to get tested for growth hormone

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Pituitary tumour - Better Health Channel

Generally, pituitary tumours are benign and slow growing, and pituitary cancers are extremely rare.

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Hyperprolactinaemia - Hormones Australia

Hyperprolactinaemia refers to high levels of prolactin in the blood. Prolactin is a hormone made in the pituitary gland and plays a role in breast milk...

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Growth hormone - Better Health Channel

Some athletes and bodybuilders wrongly believe that taking synthetic growth hormone will help build up their muscles.

Read more on Better Health Channel website

Luteinising hormone (LH) - Lab Tests Online AU

Why and when to get tested for LH

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Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) - Lab Tests Online AU

Why and when to get tested for FSH

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Pituitary disorders - Lab Tests Online AU

Pituitary disorders arise from excess or inadequate production of hormones produced by the pituitary gland.

Read more on Lab Tests Online AU website

Pituitary Adenoma - Targeting Cancer

The Radiation Oncology Targeting Cancer Campaign is an initiative of the Faculty of Radiation Oncology of the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Radiologists (RANZCR). The Campaign aims to increase awareness of radiation therapy as an effective, safe and sophisticated treatment for cancer.

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