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Autoimmune diseases

People are able to protect themselves from infection because they have immune systems to fight them off. Sometimes the immune system get confused and attacks normal cells in our own body. If this happens, what is known as an autoimmune disease develops.

Examples include Grave’s disease (affecting the thyroid), rheumatoid arthritis (affecting joints) and diseases affecting the skin and soft tissues like lupus, scleroderma, sarcoidosis, and fibromyalgia. Treatment is possible and usually requires help from your doctor, specialists and other healthcare professionals.

Follow the links below to find trusted information about autoimmune diseases.

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Autoimmune diseases

Read more on Queensland Health website

Autoimmune diseases - Australasian Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy (ASCIA)

Autoimmune diseases are a broad range of related diseases in which a persons immune system produces an inappropriate response against its own cells, tissues and/or organs, resulting in inflammation and damage.

Read more on ASCIA – Australasian Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy website

Type 1 diabetes | symptoms of type 1 diabetes | NSW

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease, managed with insulin injections, that occurs when the pancreas is no longer able to produce the insulin needed.

Read more on Diabetes NSW website

What causes type 1 diabetes? | NPS MedicineWise

The exact cause of type1 diabetes is not known, but it is thought to be an autoimmune disease. Autoimmune diseases are those in which the body's immune system attacks and destroys its own tissue in this case, the cells in the pancreas that make insulin (called islet cells). This means that the pancreas makes little or no insulin, resulting in higher than normal blood glucose levels (more than 8millimoles [mmol] of glucose per litre [L] of blood).

Read more on NPS MedicineWise website

Viral hepatitis

Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver. It is most commonly caused by a viral infection, but may be due to chemicals, alcohol or drugs and inherited diseases or autoimmune disease. This page will deal only with those caused by viruses.

Read more on Lab Tests Online website

Sjogren's syndrome

Sjögren's syndrome is an autoimmune disease that mainly affects the eyes and salivary glands, but can affect different parts of the body. Symptoms include dry and itchy eyes, a dry mouth, thirst and swallowing difficulties. Although there is no cure, proper treatment should provide comfort and relief.

Read more on Better Health Channel website

ANA - Lab Tests Online AU

To screen for certain autoimmune disorders, such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), polymyositis, and a number of others

Read more on Lab Tests Online website

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) - myDr.com.au

Systemic lupus erythematosus, (SLE or simply lupus) is an auto-immune disease that causes pain and inflammation in the skin, joints and other parts of the body.

Read more on myDr website

Thyroid eye disease - myDr.com.au

Thyroid eye disease occurs in people with thyroid disease and is characterised by inflammation, swelling and eventual scarring.

Read more on myDr website

Systemic lupus erythematosus - Lab Tests Online AU

Lupus (SLE) is a chronic, inflammatory autoimmune disorder that may affect many organ systems including the skin, joints and internal organs. SLE affects women eight times more often than men and usually occurs between the ages of 10 and 50. Certain drugs may also cause SLE.Late onset disease (>50 years) is evenly split between men and women.

Read more on Lab Tests Online website

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