Salpingectomy is the removal of one or both of a woman's fallopian tubes, usually to treat cancer, endometriosis or ectopic pregnancy.
An ectopic pregnancy is when a fertilised egg implants itself outside the womb, usually in one of the fallopian tubes.
Female reproductive system
The female reproductive system involves organs such as the uterus (womb), ovaries, fallopian tubes and vagina, as well as hormones.
A laparoscopic sterilisation is a permanent method of female contraception. It involves blocking both fallopian tubes to prevent you from becoming pregnant.
Ovariectomy is the surgical removal of one or both ovaries, usually performed to treat an ovarian cyst, ovarian cancer or other ovary-related problem.
Laparoscopy and dye test
A laparoscopy and dye test helps to find out the cause of certain gynaecological problems associated with infertility. For some women minor treatments can be performed at the same time.
Tubal ligation (or female sterilisation) is a permanent form of surgical contraception. Learn more here about the benefits, risks and alternatives.
Conception is complex – there is often more to it than just having sex. Learn more about ovulation, pregnancy and your growing embryo.
Pelvic inflammatory disease
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a condition that affects around 1 in 8 women; it's most common in sexually active women aged 20 to 24.
A laproscopic ophorectomy is an operation to remove one of or both your ovaries, most commonly because of an ovarian cyst.