Healthdirect Free Australian health advice you can count on.

Medical problem? Call 1800 022 222. If you need urgent medical help, call triple zero immediately

healthdirect Australia is a free service where you can talk to a nurse or doctor who can help you know what to do.

Some women with PID may have abnormal periods.

Some women with PID may have abnormal periods.
beginning of content

Pelvic inflammatory disease

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a common condition that affects around one in eight women at some point during their life. PID is most common in sexually active women between the ages of 20 and 24. When diagnosed early, PID is easily treated and most women make a full recovery.

What is PID?

PID is inflammation of one or more organs in a woman's pelvic area, such as the cervix, endometrium (lining of the uterus), fallopian tubes or ovaries.

PID is caused by a bacterial infection, which is often a sexually transmitted infection such as gonorrhoea or chlamydia. PID can also follow a termination of pregnancy, insertion of an intrauterine contraceptive device or childbirth.

PID symptoms and diagnosis

Some women with PID may not have any symptoms, particularly when PID is caused by a chlamydia infection. However, severe symptoms can develop quickly, including:

If you have any of these symptoms, please visit your doctor or healthcare provider.

PID can be diagnosed by taking vaginal and cervical swabs, but may also require a pelvic examination or other tests, particularly if there are no symptoms.

PID treatment and prevention

PID is treated with a combination of antibiotics. During treatment you are advised not to have sex. You should also contact any sexual partners from the past six months so they can be tested for sexually transmitted infections.

When PID is treated early, it greatly reduces the risk of complications like lower fertility, chronic abdominal pain, ectopic pregnancy (foetus development in the fallopian tubes), miscarriage, premature birth and stillbirth.

Condoms are the best method of protection against both sexually transmitted infections and PID. It is also important to have regular tests for sexually transmitted infections if you are sexually active.

Last reviewed: July 2015

Need more information?

These trusted information partners have more on this topic.

Found 63 results

Pelvic inflammatory disease - myDr.com.au

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection of a woman's uterus, fallopian tubes and/or ovaries. Find out the causes, symptoms and treatment.

Read more on myDr website

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is caused by an infection such as gonorrhoea, chlamydia or non-specific urethritis (NSU) spreading into a womans reproductive organs.

Read more on WA Health website

Pelvic inflammatory disease: Fact file | Women's Health Queensland Wide

About 10,000 women are hospitalised for pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in Australia each year and more than 59,000 are treated for the condition by their GP.

Read more on Women's Health Queensland Wide website

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) | Better Health Channel

Read more on Better Health Channel website

Women's health - NT.GOV.AU

General information about women's health, bacterial vaginosis, thrush, pelvic inflammatory disease and cervical screening.

Read more on NT Health website

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) | Family Planning NSW

Information about Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) - refers to infection of the uterus (womb), fallopian tubes (tubes that carry eggs from the ovaries to the uterus) and other reproductive organs.

Read more on Family Planning NSW website

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) - Lab Tests Online AU

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an inflammation and infection of a womans upper reproductive organs. It occurs whenbacteriamove from the vagina, upward through a layer of mucus that protects the opening of the cervix, and into the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. PID can cause anacuteillness,chronicpain, or it may be present as an almost silent chronic infection. Left untreated, it can cause scarring and irreversible damage to one or more of the reproductive organs. Scarring in the fallopian tubes can causeinfertilityand significantly increase the risk of anectopic pregnancy.

Read more on Lab Tests Online website

CA-125 - Lab Tests Online AU

Before starting therapy for ovarian cancer or if at high risk for developing ovarian cancer, and at intervals during and after treatment

Read more on Lab Tests Online website

Chlamydia and pregnancy

Chlamydia is a bacterial sexually transmitted infection (STI) which affects both men and women. Chlamydia during pregnancy can also cause a number of issues.

Read more on Pregnancy, Birth & Baby website

Other factors

Read more on Your Fertility website

Check your symptoms Find a health service

Healthdirect 24hr 7 days a week hotline

24 hour health advice and information you can count on

1800 022 222

Government Accredited with over 140 information partners

We are a government-funded service, providing quality, approved health information

Australian Government, health department logo ACT Government logo New South Wales government, health department logo Northen Territory Government logo Government of South Australia, health department logo Tasmanian government logo Government of Western Australia, health department logo
Feedback