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Blood tests A-Z

Blood glucose test

Blood glucose tests, also sometimes called blood sugar tests, are usually used to check for or monitor diabetes.

Calcium blood test

A calcium test provides information about how much calcium is in your blood.

Cardiac enzymes

Cardiac enzyme tests can check whether the heart muscle is damaged, and indicate if a person has had a heart attack.

Cholesterol and lipid tests

A cholesterol (or lipid profile) test looks at the various levels of cholesterol and other fats in your blood.

C-reactive protein test

The C-reactive protein test is a general blood test, which checks for infection or inflammation in the body.

D-dimer test

The D-dimer test is a blood test used to help check for or monitor blood clotting problems.

ESR test

The erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) test checks for inflammation where red blood cells clump together in the body.

Folate test

Folate is an important nutrient for making normal red blood cells. The folate test checks whether you have enough folate in your blood.

Full blood count

A full blood count is a common blood test for general health, which can also provide information about a range of conditions.

HbA1c test

An HbA1c is a type of blood test which is used to help diagnose and monitor people with diabetes.

Woman getting a blood test for hCG levels to confirm pregnancy.

hCG test

The human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) test is usually used to confirm or monitor a pregnancy.

INR test

An international normalised ratio (INR) test measures the time taken for your blood to clot.

Iron studies

Iron studies are blood tests that look at how much iron is in your blood and other cells. Too little or too much iron can cause problems.

Kidney function tests

There are many reasons why your kidneys may not work effectively. Learn how kidney function tests can help your doctor check up on your kidneys.

Liver function tests

Liver function tests are blood tests that can provide information about how your liver is working.

Magnesium blood test

A magnesium blood test is carried out to see if your body has enough magnesium. Most people get sufficient magnesium from food.

Oestrogen blood test

Many women at some time have a blood test for oestrogen. It might be during pregnancy, if their menstrual cycle is unusual, or for some other reason.

PSA test

A PSA test can be used to help monitor prostate cancer, although test outcomes often point to other conditions.

Testosterone blood test

A testosterone blood test can show how much testosterone, an important sex hormone, is in your body. Men usually have much more testosterone than wome...

Thyroid function tests

Thyroid function tests are used to check for a number of thyroid problems. The tests usually include thyroid stimulating hormones (THSs) T4 and T3.

Vitamin B12 test

This test measures the amount of vitamin B12, also known as cobalamin, in your blood.

Vitamin D test

Vitamin D deficiency is common in Australians, so your doctor may ask you to take a test as part of your general check up.

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Acute Myeloid Leukaemia (AML)

Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia (ALL) Acute Myeloid Leukaemia (AML) Home / Cancer & Blood Disorders / What is Cancer? / Leukaemia / Acute Myeloid Leukaemia (AML) Acute Myeloid Leukaemia (AML) There are a number of sub-types of AML, dependent on which particular white cell has become cancerous (this will be determined through a bone marrow biopsy): Acute Monocytic Leukaemia Acute Myelocytic Leukaemia Acute Promyelocytic Leukaemia (APML) Acute Megakaryocytic Leukaemia Signs and symptoms of AML include: Bruising and bleeding Tiredness Pallor Bone pain Fever Enlarged liver, spleen, lymph nodes AML can particularly affect the bloods clotting system, further increasing the risk of bleeding (this is a particular problem in APML) Children with AML have a high risk of infections from bacteria, viruses and fungi

Read more on Sydney Children's Hospitals Network website

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Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura is a blood disorder in which platelets do not plug blood vessels to prevent bleeding as they normally would.

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Grave's diease is an autoimmune disorder which affects hormone production in the thyroid gland. It is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism.

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Sweets syndrome is an uncommon condition named after the English dermatologist, Dr Robert Sweet, who first described it in 1964.

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Chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) develops when damaged myeloid white blood cells grow out of control. Learn more about causes and treatments with CanTeen.

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