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Men over 40 with a family history and all men over 50 should have screening according to current recommendations.

Men over 40 with a family history and all men over 50 should have screening according to current recommendations.
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Prostate cancer symptoms

Prostate cancer normally causes no symptoms until the cancer has grown large enough to put pressure on the urethra. This normally results in problems associated with urination.

Symptoms can include:

  • feeling the frequent or sudden need to urinate
  • finding it difficult to urinate (for example, trouble starting or not being able to urinate when the feeling is there or poor urine flow)
  • discomfort when urinating
  • finding blood in urine or semen
  • pain in the lower back, upper thighs or hips

These symptoms shouldn't be ignored but they do not mean you definitely have prostate cancer. Many men's prostates get larger as they get older, not due to cancer but to a 'benign prostatic hyperplasia' or 'prostate enlargement'.

Symptoms that the cancer may have spread include bone and back pain, a loss of appetite, pain in the testicles and unexplained weight loss.

Last reviewed: October 2016

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