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Men over 40 with a family history and all men over 50 should have screening according to current recommendations.

Men over 40 with a family history and all men over 50 should have screening according to current recommendations.
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Prostate cancer

The prostate is a small gland in the pelvis that is found only in men. About the size of a walnut, it is located between the penis and the bladder. It surrounds the urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the penis.

The main function of the prostate is to help in the production of semen.

Prostate cancer occurs when abnormal cells within the prostate grow in an uncontrolled way. It is the most common cancer in men and the chances of developing this type of cancer increase with age. The symptoms don't usually appear until the cancer has grown large enough to put pressure on the urethra and can include:

  • feeling the frequent or sudden need to urinate
  • finding it difficult to urinate (for example, trouble starting or not being able to urinate when the feeling is there or poor urine flow)
  • discomfort when urinating
  • finding blood in urine or semen
  • pain in the lower back, upper thighs or hips

These symptoms should be investigated by your doctor, but they don't mean you have prostate cancer. Many men's prostates get larger as they get older, not due cancer but to conditions known as 'benign prostatic hyperplasia' or prostate enlargement.

Last reviewed: October 2016

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Prostate cancer

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Prostate Cancer Diagnosis - information for men and their families | Andrology Australia

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Once a diagnosis of prostate cancer has been made a man and his doctor must decide what steps to take next for management and treatment.

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Prostate cancer is condition that affects the male organs responsible for semen production. Learn more about causes, diagnosis and treatments with CanTeen.

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6. Sexual function after treatment for prostate cancer Download PHIP Series 6 Normal sexual function in a man involves four different

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Prostate cancer - Lab Tests Online AU

Prostate cancer is a relatively common type of cancer affecting the small walnut-shaped prostate gland located near base of the bladder found only in men. The gland surrounds the upper segment of the urethra, the tube that leads from the bladder to the penis. In more advanced stages of the disease the tumour may spread to other areas of the pelvis and may eventually metastasise to other areas of the body.

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How likely am I to have prostate cancer? Treatment for localised prostate cancer. PSA testing. Follow-up if you do or do not have the test.

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PSA - Lab Tests Online AU

If you have symptoms of prostate disease, such as difficulty in passing urine, or passing urine more frequently than usual and at intervals after treatment for prostate cancer.

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Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) testing in asymptomatic men | National Health and Medical Research Council

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