Healthdirect Free Australian health advice you can count on.

Medical problem? Call 1800 022 222. If you need urgent medical help, call triple zero immediately

healthdirect Australia is a free service where you can talk to a nurse or doctor who can help you know what to do.

Essential screening tests for men

Essential screening tests for men
beginning of content

Essential screening tests for men

2-minute read

Screening tests or health checks aim to pick up health problems early in people who don't have any symptoms of disease. This page is about the types of screening tests men might need. Your doctor can advise you of the specific tests you should have and how often.

Importance of screening tests

Even if you feel healthy, you should see a doctor for regular checkups. Many conditions or diseases can develop slowly over a long period and may not cause any symptoms initially. Screening tests can pick up early signs of disease. For many diseases, early management is more effective than later treatment.

Here are the most common health issues for men and how to screen for them to keep on top of your health.

Heart health

One of the main screening tests for adults is for heart health. You should have a heart health check at least once every 2 years once you're over 45, or once you're over 35 if you're Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander. This usually involves questions about your lifestyle and family, and a blood pressure check. You might also need a blood cholesterol test.

Diabetes

You might be advised to have a fasting blood sugar test for diabetes at every one to three years, depending on your level of risk.

Hearing and eyesight

Hearing loss and eyesight problems become common with age. If you are 65 or older, you should have yearly hearing tests and eye tests. If you are regularly exposed to loud noises at work, you should also get your hearing checked regularly.

Prostate cancer

No test is recommended for screening in men. Speak to your doctor if you are concerned about prostate cancer, for example, if you have symptoms or if you have a close relative who had prostate cancer. For more information, see the Cancer Council's website.

Bowel cancer

A faecal occult blood test (stool sample test) is recommended every two years if you are aged 50 or above. If you are at increased risk, you may be advised to have a colonoscopy instead.

Skin cancer

Check your moles for any changes every three months. See your doctor regularly for a full body skin check, especially if you work outdoors or have had skin cancer before.

Depression

Some men have depression that is not recognised by them or by those around them. If you feel down, irritable or angry and lose interest in things you usually enjoy, talk to your doctor. Visit beyondblue’s Man Therapy website for resources to help men with mental problems.

Teeth

You should see a dentist for a check-up once a year.

Sources:

MyDr (Health checks men should have), RACGP (Guidelines for preventive activities in general practice, 9th edition. Introduction.), RACGP (Guidelines for preventive activities in general practice, 8th edition. Type 2 diabetes), Cancer Council Australia (Prostate cancer detection), Beyondblue (Depression in men), Heart Foundation (Heart health check)

Last reviewed: July 2018

Need more information?

These trusted information partners have more on this topic.

Top results

Health checks men should have - myDr.com.au

Check out the screening tests and examinations that healthy men should have to monitor for diseases such as cancer and cardiovascular disease.

Read more on myDr website

PSA Testing (Prostate Specific Antigen Testing) | myVMC

Prostate specific antigen (PSA) is a protein that is produced by the cells of the prostate gland and enters the bloodstream. PSA testing is used to identify the early stages of prostate cancer. It is currently one of the few widely used tests for prostate cancer available. Read on for more information on testing for prostate cancer using PSA testing.

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

PSA - Lab Tests Online AU

Overview of how PSA is used in detecting prostate cancer; when it is used; and what the results might mean.

Read more on Lab Tests Online website

Tumour markers - Lab Tests Online AU

Tumour markers are substances, usually , that are produced by the body in response to cancer growth or by the cancer tissue itself

Read more on Lab Tests Online website

Undescended Testes (Cryptorchidism) | myVMC

Cryptorchidism refers to undescended testes. Usually the testes descend from the abdomen to the scrotum before or in the first year after birth.

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

Problems of the testes | Andrology Australia

Testes problems Important parts of the male reproductive system, the testes (testicles) are oval shaped glands responsible for producing sperm and most of the male hormone testosterone.

Read more on Andrology Australia website

Men's Health - InsideRadiology

InsideRadiology

Read more on InsideRadiology website

Semen analysis - Lab Tests Online AU

Why and when to have semen analysed

Read more on Lab Tests Online website

Testicular cancer - Lab Tests Online AU

Site map of article content

Read more on Lab Tests Online website

Prostate cancer - Lab Tests Online AU

Site map of article content

Read more on Lab Tests Online website

Healthdirect 24hr 7 days a week hotline

24 hour health advice you can count on

1800 022 222

Government Accredited with over 140 information partners

We are a government-funded service, providing quality, approved health information and advice

Australian Government, health department logo ACT Government logo New South Wales government, health department logo Northen Territory Government logo Government of South Australia, health department logo Tasmanian government logo Government of Western Australia, health department logo