Cancers can affect the tissue that makes up the vulva, vagina, cervix, uterus and ovaries.
Cervical cancer is one of the most common forms of female cancer and is linked to infection with the human papilloma virus (HPV), against which girls and boys in Australia are now routinely immunised.
For all women who have ever been sexually active, having the cervical screening test every 5 years is essential to help prevent cervical cancer. The cervical screening test has now replaced the old Pap smear.
Cancers of the uterus and ovarian cancer are difficult to identify early and if you experience a change in your usual bowel or pelvic function, or you feel generally unwell and this persists for some time, you should discuss it with your doctor.
Follow the links below for more information about female genital cancers.
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Last reviewed: July 2018