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Bladder cancer

The bladder is a hollow, muscular walled structure that is a storage vessel for waste produced by the urinary system. Bladder cancer occurs when abnormal cells develop in the bladder and grow out of control.

Risk factors for bladder cancers include age, use of tobacco, occupation, infections, medications for other cancers, race, being male, family history and personal history.

The most common symptom of bladder cancer is blood in the urine. Blood may occur intermittently, or each time you urinate. Other symptoms include painful and frequent urination, or a feeling of needing to urinate without being able to do so.

Follow the links below to find trusted information on bladder cancer.

Last reviewed: July 2016

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Bladder cancer - Cancer Council Australia

urothelial carcinoma, formally known as transitional cell carcinoma, is the most common form of bladder cancer (80-90%) and starts in the urothelial cells in the bladder walls innermost layer

Read more on Cancer Council Australia website

Bladder Cancer (Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Bladder) | myVMC

Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Bladder is a rarer type of bladder cancer. The majority of bladder cancers are transitional cell carcinomas that arise in the urinary tract epithelium and can also occur in parts of the kidney, ureter and urethra (tubes carrying urine from the kidney and urinary bladder respectively). The bladder functions as a waste storage system for urine. Urine is produced by the kidneys as they filter the blood. The urine then travels down the ureters into the bladder. The bladder expands and once it reaches a certain maximum volume, the urge to pass urine increases until urine is passed. The bladder is made up of an elastic type tissue which contains a layer of muscle. The bladder is lined with epithelium called transitional cells which are tall, thin cells that protect the underlying bladder from the urine contained therein. Because the bladder is lined with transitional epithelium, the usual type of cancer affecting the bladder is transitional cell carcinoma. However, in response to chronic irritation the epithelial lining of the bladder can gradually change to squamous (similar to the skin). With further exposure to irritative or carcinogenic agents bladder cancer can develop.

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

Bladder Cancer - Information, Treatment & Support - CanTeen

Bladder cancer affects the organ that collects and stores urine in the lower part of the abdomen.Learn more about causes and treatments with CanTeen.

Read more on CanTeen website

Bladder cancer fact sheet | Cancer Australia

An overview of bladder cancer including types, symptoms, risk factors, diagnosis, treatment and finding support.

Read more on Cancer Australia website

Bladder & bowel | Jean Hailes

When trying to understand what is a healthy bladder and bowel it is helpful to understand how your bladder and bowel works, what is normal and what is not normal. Bladder weakness, also called incontinence, is common. Bowel leakage also occurs and can be

Read more on Jean Hailes for Women's Health website

Prostate cancer - Lab Tests Online AU

Prostate cancer is a relatively common type of cancer affecting the small walnut-shaped prostate gland located near base of the bladder found only in men. The gland surrounds the upper segment of the urethra, the tube that leads from the bladder to the penis. In more advanced stages of the disease the tumour may spread to other areas of the pelvis and may eventually metastasise to other areas of the body.

Read more on Lab Tests Online website

PHIP Glossary | South Australian Prostate Cancer Clinical Outcome Collaborative

A Ablation - Removal or separation of something Active surveillance - Regular testing and biopsies of a localised prostate cancer. (See Mr PHIP No.

Read more on SA-PCCOC – South Australian Prostate Cancer Clinical Outcomes Collaborative website

ImmuCyst Powder for bladder irrigation - myDr.com.au

ImmuCyst Powder for bladder irrigation - Consumer Medicines Information leaflets of prescription and over-the-counter medicines

Read more on myDr – Consumer Medicine Information website

Intravesical BCG (Bacillus Calmette-Guerin vaccine for immunotherapy) | myVMC

How does it work? The Intravesical BCG treatment Side Effects Risks Intravesical (within the bladder) BCG is one of the

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

Pelvic floor muscle exercises for men - myDr.com.au

Pelvic floor muscle exercises can help to restore bladder control after treatments for prostate cancer.

Read more on myDr website

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