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Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (B cell and T cell lymphoma)

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (which is also known as 'B-cell' and 'T-cell lymphomas') is a cancer of the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system is a network of vessels and glands spread throughout your body. It is also part of your immune system. Clear fluid called 'lymph' flows through the lymphatic vessels and contains infection-fighting white blood cells known as 'lymphocytes'.

In lymphoma, these lymphocytes start to multiply in an abnormal way and begin to collect in certain parts of the lymphatic system, such as the lymph nodes (glands). The affected lymphocytes lose their infection-fighting properties making you more vulnerable to infection.

The most common symptom of non-Hodgkin lymphoma is a painless swelling in a lymph node, usually in the neck, armpit or groin.

The usual way to confirm a diagnosis of non-Hodgkin lymphoma is by carrying out a biopsy (testing a sample of affected lymph node tissue).

Personal story: non-Hodgkin lymphoma

Being diagnosed with non-Hodgkin lymphoma can be both emotionally and practically challenging. Listening to others who have experienced similar situations is often re-assuring and can be helpful for you, your loved ones or when preparing questions for your doctor or a specialist.

Watch this video about a patient's experience after being diagnosed with non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Read the related video transcript >

More information about this video >

Where to get help

If you need help, talking to your doctor is a good place to start. If you'd like to find out more, or talk to someone else, here are some organisations that can help:

Video Copyright: ©2013 University of Oxford. Used under licence from DIPEx. All rights reserved.

Sources: Cancer Council NSW (Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma), (Lymphoma, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, interview 31), NHS Choices, UK (Lymphoma, non-Hodgkin's)

Last reviewed: September 2015

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