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The lymphatic system is made up of vessels and glands.

The lymphatic system is made up of vessels and glands.
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Lymphoma

Lymphoma is a type of cancer which affects the lymphatic system. While lymphoma is a serious disease, good treatment options are available.

Lymphoma is a cancer that affects the lymphatic system, which is part of your immune system. The lymphatic system is made up of a network of tubes (lymph vessels) and glands (lymph nodes) throughout your body.

The lymphatic system collects and filters waste products from the body in a clear fluid called lymph. The lymph also contains white blood cells called lymphocytes, which fight infection.

Lymphoma occurs when the lymphocytes are damaged. This damage can make them cancerous, which is where they grow and multiply abnormally. When this happens, the abnormal lymphocytes lose their ability to fight off infections.

There are two main types of lymphoma: Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. They are spread and treated differently.

The symptoms of Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphoma are similar. The most common symptom is a painless swelling in one or more lymph nodes, usually in the neck, armpit or groin.

Both lymphoma types are diagnosed by biopsy, where a sample of the affected lymph tissue is tested.

Treatment for lymphoma is usually chemotherapy, radiotherapy or both. If you are having treatment for lymphoma, the choice of treatment depends on:

  • the type of lymphoma (Hodgkin or non-Hodgkin)
  • your age and general health
  • your symptoms
  • whether or not the disease has spread to other areas of the body
  • what you want.

If you suspect you or some you know has lymphoma, it is important to see a doctor as soon as possible.

Last reviewed: February 2017

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MALT lymphoma | myVMC

Lymphoma is divided into 2 broad groups: Hodgkins lymphoma and non-Hodgkins lymphoma

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

Small lymphocytic lymphoma | myVMC

Lymphoma is divided into 2 broad groups: Hodgkins lymphoma and non-Hodgkins lymphoma

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

Follicular lymphoma | myVMC

Follicular Lymphoma is cancer of the lymphatic system

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

Diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) | myVMC

Lymphoma is cancer of the lymphatic system, which can be further divided into Hodgkins lymphoma and non-Hodgkins lymphoma

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

Mediastinal (thymic) large B cell lymphoma | myVMC

Mediastinal large B cell lymphoma is a type of non-Hodgkins lymphoma

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

Mantle cell lymphoma | myVMC

Mantle Cell Lymphoma is a cancer of the lymphatic system with no known cause. It affects Caucasian more commonly than people of other races.

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

Burkitt's lymphoma | myVMC

Burkitt's lymphoma is a cancer which affects the lymphatic system. It is rare in Australian adults but affects Australian children and Central Africans.

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

Non-Hodgkins Lymphoma | myVMC

Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is cancer of the lymphatic system's lymphocytes. It may cause anaemia and affect liver function. It is treated with radiotherapy.

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

Nodal Marginal Zone B cell Lymphoma | myVMC

Nodal Marginal Zone B cell Lymphoma is a type of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. It affects the lymphatic system which helps fight infections.

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

Peripheral T cell lymphoma | myVMC

Peripheral T cell lymphoma is a cancer of the lymphatic system. It affects cells in lymphatic fluid called T cells.

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

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