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Cancer types

Bladder cancer

Bladder cancer affects about 3,000 Australians annually and is commoner in people over 60 and in men. It can be treated if found early.

Bone cancer

Primary bone cancer, which begins in the bones, is rare. But many other cancers, such as lung or breast cancer, can then spread to the bones.

Bowel cancer

Most bowel cancers develop from polyps, tiny growths in the colon or rectum. Removing polyps can reduce the risk of bowel cancer. Learn more here.

Bowen's disease

Bowen's disease is a very early form of skin cancer. There are good treatments available, but don't ignore it since it can spread and become more seri...

Brain tumours

A brain tumour is a lump of abnormal benign or malignant cells that grows in the brain. It can seriously affect the body’s functions and thinking.

Breast cancer

Breast cancer often shows as a lump in the breast tissue, although most breast lumps are not cancerous. If detected early on, recovery is more likely.

Cancer of the uterus

Uterine cancer is the most common gynaecological cancer. You can find out more about the different types of uterine cancer by reading our trusted part...

Cervical cancer

Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that develops in a woman's cervix. It is one of a few cancers where screening can detect pre-cancerous lesions.

Eye cancer

Eye cancer develops when abnormal cells in the eye grow and divide uncontrollably. Eye cancer can be hard to treat, but it is rare in Australia.

Kidney cancer

Kidney cancer (or renal cancer) grows in the cells of the kidneys. Treatments for kidney cancer are improving, especially if it is detected early.

Leukaemia

Leukaemia affects the formation of white blood cells. Not all types of leukaemia are curable and there are several risk factors and treatment types.

Liver cancer

Liver cancer is one of the top 10 causes of cancer deaths in Australia. Learn more here about liver cancer and the different types and treatments.

Lung cancer

Lung cancer is one of the most common but serious types of cancer. Read here about the types, causes, symptoms, treatments and prevention.

Mesothelioma

Mesothelioma is a lethal cancer caused by exposure to asbestos, maybe decades ago. Australia has one of the world’s highest rates of mesothelioma.

Mouth cancer

Mouth cancer is a common cancer and affects the tongue, lips, cheeks or soft palate. An early diagnosis increases the chances of successful treatment.

Female chemotherapy patient with her doctor talking about myeloma.

Multiple myeloma

When plasma cells grow abnormally and build up in the bone marrow, they are known as myeloma cells.

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is a cancer of the lymphatic system. Find out how it develops and learn about one person’s experience after being diagnosed.

Oesophageal cancer

Oesophageal cancer is a rare type of cancer that grows in your oesophagus, the tube that leads from the throat to the stomach.

Ovarian cancer

Ovarian cancer is most common in women aged over 50, but it can affect anyone. Learn about its causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prevention.

Pancreatic cancer

Most cases of pancreatic cancer occur in people over the age of 50. Find out why the stage at which the cancer is diagnosed is so important.

Prostate cancer

Prostate cancer is the commonest cancer in men. Having symptoms doesn’t necessarily mean you have it, but a doctor should still investigate.

Skin cancer

Skin cancer is mainly caused by exposure to sun. Most skin cancers can be successfully treated if found early, but you need to know what to look for.

Stomach cancer

Stomach cancer, commonest in men over 50, doesn’t always have symptoms. You might reduce your risk of stomach cancer by making changes to your diet.

Testicular cancer

Testicular cancer is the second most common cancer in men aged 18 to 39. The chances of treatment being successful are very high. Learn more here.

Throat cancer

Throat cancer can be treated if diagnosed early so you should see a doctor if you’re concerned. Learn about symptoms, diagnosis and treatment here.

Thyroid cancer

Learn about thyroid cancer, including what it is, common signs and symptoms, and treatment options.

Need more information?

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Top results

Cancer Types | Cancer Australia

A national government agency working to reduce the impact of cancer on all Australians. Provides information on the disease, research and clinical trials.

Read more on Cancer Australia website

Prostate Cancer Types | myVMC

There are several different types of prostate cancer, including adenocarcinoma and neuroendocrine carcinoma. Non-cancerous conditions related to prostate cancer include benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and prostatic intraepithelial neoplasi

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

Types of skin cancer

There are 3 types of skin cancer and they are named after the type of skin cell they start from. These are basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and melanoma skin cancer.

Read more on WA Health website

Cancer Types - Information, Treatment & Support - CanTeen

Here you'll find everything you need to know about the different cancer types, treatments and how they affect you. Learn more with CanTeen.

Read more on CanTeen website

Squamous Cell Carcinoma - Information, Treatment & Support - CanTeen

Squamous cell carcinoma, or SCC, is a cancer of the cells at the bottom of the skin's outermost layer. Learn more about causes and treatments with CanTeen.

Read more on CanTeen website

Squamous cell carcinoma - ACD

Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is one of the most common forms of skin cancer, with only basal cell carcinoma (BCC) occurring more frequently. SCC occurs mainly in Caucasians

Read more on Australasian College of Dermatologists website

Basal Cell Carcinoma - Information, Treatment & Support - CanTeen

Basal cell carcinoma, or BCC, is a cancer of the cells at the bottom of the skin's outermost layer. Learn more about causes, diagnosis and treatments with CanTeen.

Read more on CanTeen website

Merkel cell carcinoma - ACD

Merkel cell carcinoma is a very uncommon type of aggressive skin cancer. It presents most commonly in elderly fair-skinned individuals, particularly in sun-exposed areas on the head, neck and limbs.

Read more on Australasian College of Dermatologists website

Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) - ACD

Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common type of skin cancer. Fortunately it is also the least dangerous and almost always completely cured by treatment.

Read more on Australasian College of Dermatologists website

Skin cancer symptoms, types, prevention and treatment

Skin cancer types including melanoma, squamous cell carcinoma and basal cell carcinoma can be prevented by reducing sun exposure. Find out more...

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

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