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Cancer types

Bladder cancer

Bladder cancer affects about 3,000 Australians annually and is commoner in people over 60 and in men. It can be treated if found early.

Bone cancer

Primary bone cancer, which begins in the bones, is rare. But many other cancers, such as lung or breast cancer, can then spread to the bones.

Bowel cancer (colon and rectal cancer)

Most bowel cancers develop from polyps, tiny growths in the colon or rectum. Removing polyps can reduce the risk of bowel cancer. Learn more here.

Bowen's disease

Bowen's disease is an early form of skin cancer. There are good treatments available, but don't ignore it since it can spread and become more serious.

Brain tumours

A brain tumour is a lump of abnormal benign or malignant cells that grows in the brain. It can seriously affect the body’s functions and thinking.

Breast cancer

Breast cancer often shows as a lump in the breast tissue, although most breast lumps are not cancerous. If detected early on, recovery is more likely.

Cancer of the uterus

Uterine cancer is the most common gynaecological cancer. You can find out more about the different types of uterine cancer by reading our trusted part...

Cervical cancer

Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that develops in a woman's cervix. It is one of a few cancers where screening can detect pre-cancerous lesions.

Endometrial cancer

Endometrial cancer, in the lining of the womb, is diagnosed in about 3,000 women per year. Learn how to spot the signs of endometrial cancer.

Eye cancer

Eye cancer develops when abnormal cells in the eye grow and divide uncontrollably. Eye cancer can be hard to treat, but it is rare in Australia.

Kaposi sarcoma

Kaposi’s sarcoma is usually found under the skin, or in the lining of the mouth, nose or throat, and is associated with HIV/AIDS. Find out why here.

Kidney cancer

Kidney cancer (or renal cancer) grows in the cells of the kidneys. Treatments for kidney cancer are improving, especially if it is detected early.

Leukaemia

Leukaemia affects the formation of white blood cells. Not all types of leukaemia are curable and there are several risk factors and treatment types.

Liver cancer

Liver cancer is one of the top 10 causes of cancer deaths in Australia. Learn more here about liver cancer and the different types and treatments.

Image of advanced cancer patient facing hospital window, to help illustrate an article on lung cancer.

Lung cancer

Lung cancer is one of the most common types of cancer. Learn about the causes and symptoms of, and treatments for, this serious disease.

Mesothelioma

Mesothelioma is a lethal cancer caused by exposure to asbestos, maybe decades ago. Australia has one of the world’s highest rates of mesothelioma.

Mouth cancer

Mouth cancer is a common cancer and affects the tongue, lips, cheeks or soft palate. An early diagnosis increases the chances of successful treatment.

Multiple myeloma

Myeloma, or multiple myeloma, develops when plasma cells build up abnormally in the bone marrow. Know the options if you’re diagnosed with myeloma.

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (B cell and T cell lymphoma)

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is a cancer of the lymphatic system. Learn more here about how the symptoms, causes, complications and treatment.

Oesophageal cancer

Oesophageal cancer develops in the ‘tube’ between the throat and the stomach. It’s a very serious condition and important to know the risk factors.

Ovarian cancer

Ovarian cancer is most common in women aged over 50. Find out about the different types and the symptoms, which can be difficult to recognise.

Pancreatic cancer

Most cases of pancreatic cancer occur in people over the age of 50. Find out why the stage at which the cancer is diagnosed is so important.

Prostate cancer

Prostate cancer is the most common form of cancer in men. Having symptoms doesn’t necessarily mean you have it, but a doctor should still investigate.

Skin cancer and melanomas

Skin cancer is mainly caused by exposure to sun. Most skin cancers can be successfully treated if found early, but you need to know what to look for.

Stomach cancer

Stomach cancer, commonest in men over 50, doesn’t always have symptoms. You might reduce your risk of stomach cancer by making changes to your diet.

Testicular cancer

Testicular cancer is the second most common cancer in men aged 18 to 39. The chances of treatment being successful are very high. Learn more here.

Throat cancer

Throat cancer can be treated if diagnosed early so you should see a doctor if you’re concerned. Learn about symptoms, diagnosis and treatment here.

Thyroid cancer

Thyroid cancer can, in most cases, be treated. Find out how it develops, what the symptoms are and when you should see a doctor.

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