Hernias are generally more common in obese people and pregnant women, or in people who cough a lot or suffer from chronic constipation. Learn more about hernias.
If a hernia is small, or not causing any problems, then your doctor may decide to wait and see what happens. But if it’s large, or causing pain, surgery will be recommended. Learn more about hernia treatments.
If you think you or someone in your care may have a hernia, it’s important to see a doctor to discuss treatment options. Here are common hernia symptoms to look out for if you’re at risk.
Laparoscopic incisional hernia repair
An incisional hernia is a weakness in your abdominal wall, which happens when previous wounds do not heal properly. If left untreated, an incisional hernia can cause serious complications.
Open incisional hernia repair
If you have an operation on your abdomen which is closed with stitches, but where the wound does not heal properly, the contents of your abdomen may push through, causing a lump called a hernia.
In a hiatus hernia, a part of the stomach pushes up through a hole in the diaphragm, which is the muscle that separates the chest from the abdomen. Find out more about hiatus hernia.
Femoral hernia repair
A femoral hernia is when a lump develops in the hole in the wall of your abdomen where the femoral artery and vein pass from your abdomen into your leg. Surgery will relieve the hernia and complications that may happen if it is not treated.
Epigastric hernia repair (adult)
An epigastric hernia is where fat pushes out through a weakness in the wall of your abdomen. Surgery can be performed to rectify the condition.
Groin pain or swelling
Read this article for tips and advice on how to look after yourself if you are experiencing groin pain or swelling, and when to see your doctor.
If you have an inguinal hernia, there is a weakness in the muscles at the lower part of your abdomen. Find more about inguinal hernia.