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Hernias

What is a hernia?

A hernia occurs when tissues or organs bulge through a weak point in the wall of the abdomen (belly muscles).

Some hernias are there at birth. Some occur after surgery.

Other times, weaknesses develop in the muscles of the belly wall over time and eventually ‘give out’ causing a hernia.

Hernias are generally more common in people whose abdomens are under higher than usual pressure, such as people who do a lot of heavy lifting, are obese, are pregnant, have a chronic cough, or have chronic constipation.

Hernias may not cause any symptoms, but typical symptoms include:

  • a bulge in the groin or abdomen
  • pain, heaviness or discomfort, especially when coughing, straining or lifting
  • a pulling sensation around the bulge.

If your doctor thinks you may have a hernia, he or she will examine you. Your doctor may ask you to cough, strain or stand while pressing on the hernia.

If the hernia is small, or if it not causing any problems, then you and your doctor may decide to wait and see what happens.

But if the hernia is very large, or if it’s causing pain or getting trapped at times, then surgery will be recommended.

And if it’s trapped and can’t be pushed back, and you are in serious pain, you could need emergency surgery.

Last reviewed: May 2015

Need more information?

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Found 72 results

Hiatus hernia: diagnosis and treatment - myDr.com.au

Hiatus hernia is often diagnosed when doctors investigate reflux with an endoscopy or barium X-ray. The hiatus hernia can show up as a bulge positioned between the oesophagus and your stomach.

Read more on myDr website

Hiatus hernia symptoms

Most hiatus hernias don't cause any symptoms. When symptoms do occur, the most common are heartburn and regurgitation of stomach acid into the mouth.

Read more on myDr website

Hernia

A hernia is the protrusion of organs, such as intestines, through a weakened section of the abdominal wall.

Read more on Queensland Health website

Hernia | myVMC

Hernias such and inguinal or abdominal occur when an organ or structure passes through an abnormal opening and ends up in the wrong place.

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

Gaviscon Double Strength | myVMC

Gaviscon Double Strength is used for relief of symptoms caused by reflux of gastric contents in heartburn, dyspepsia, reflux oesophagitis and hiatus hernia.

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

Hernias | Better Health Channel

Read more on Better Health Channel website

Hernia - Inguinal | The Sydney Children's Hospitals Network

Read more on Sydney Children's Hospitals Network website

Hernia - Umbilical | The Sydney Children's Hospitals Network

Read more on Sydney Children's Hospitals Network website

Parenting and Child Health - Health Topics - Umbilical care and umbilical hernia

After the cord is cut at birth, your baby will be left with a short stump of cord attached to the umbilicus.(Other words for umbilicus are navel, tummy button orbelly button.)

Read more on Women's and Children's Health Network website

Gaviscon | myVMC

Gaviscon is an antacid used for symptomatic relief of heartburn, dyspepsia, reflux oesophagitis and hiatus hernia. It is called an anti-reflux agent.

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

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