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Menopause treatments

There are many things you can do to help ease the symptoms of menopause, such as:

  • avoiding caffeine, alcohol and spicy foods to help reduce hot flushes
  • getting regular exercise, as this will help with feelings of low mood
  • using water-based lubricants during intercourse, as this can help with symptoms of vaginal dryness
  • reducing stress where possible.

Your doctor may prescribe medicines, such as hormone replacement therapy (HRT) tibolone (a synthetic hormone). These are medicines that help ease symptoms of menopause.

Hormone replacement therapy

HRT is the most common treatment for menopause symptoms. It reduces the symptoms of menopause by replacing oestrogen, which is normally produced by the ovaries. It can be used before, during and after menopause.

HRT generally helps ease the hot flushes and night sweats. It also may help prevent certain conditions such as colon cancer, macular degeneration and osteoporosis, but this will depend on the type of HRT you are prescribed. The protective effects wear off after you stop using HRT.

On the other hand, HRT may be linked with a slight increase in the risks of some medical conditions, such as:

The risks depend on your age and how long you take the HRT. It is important to discuss the risks versus the benefits with your doctor.

If you decide to use HRT, you should take the lowest effective dose for only as long as required for your symptoms. Have regular reviews with your doctor and regularly review your reasons to continue (or not) with your doctor

Read more about HRT.

Not sure what to do next?

If you are still concerned about the menopause, why not use healthdirect’s online Symptom Checker to get advice on when to seek medical attention.

The Symptom Checker guides you to the next appropriate healthcare steps, whether it’s self care, talking to a health professional, going to a hospital or calling triple zero (000).

Last reviewed: September 2017

Need more information?

These trusted information partners have more on this topic.

Found 89 results

Menopause and breast cancer information video | myVMC

Hormone therapy (HRT) with oestrogens and progesterones treats menopausal symptoms like hot flashes and night sweats, but may increase breast cancer risk.

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Alternatives to HRT fact sheet | Women's Health Queensland Wide

Many women explore options for safe and effective complementary or alternative medicine to relieve menopausal symptoms. This fact sheet provides an overview of lifestyle options and popular alternative treatments for women at this time.

Read more on Women's Health Queensland Wide website

Premature and early menopause | Jean Hailes

Menopause that happens earlier than the expected age of around 50 years are called premature and early menopause. This may be due to primary ovarian insufficiency where the periods spontaneously stop, as a result of chemotherapy treatment for cancer or s

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Hormone replacement therapy - myDr.com.au

Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is not a quick fix to the challenge of menopause, but it can be a useful tool in the overall management of menopause.

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Sleep Disturbances in Menopause | myVMC

Women are more likely to experience sleep disturbances in the menopausal period than at other times of life. Poor quality sleep is a common complaint amongst menopausal women, of whom 2550% report sleep difficulties, compared to some 15% of the general population.

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Menopause myDr

Menopause means the end of a woman's periods. Most women experience menopause symptoms and changes to their body at this time

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Menopause | myVMC

Menopause is the permanent cessation of menstrual periods. It is diagnosed after one year with no periods when the average woman is 51 years of age.

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Sandrena | myVMC

Sandrena is a oestradiol-containing gel used as hormone replacement therapy to prevent vasomotor and mood symptoms of menopause.

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Climara | myVMC

Climara is a form of hormone replacement therapy used in menopause. It delivers a synthetic form of oestrogen, oestradiol, via a skin patch.

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

Estrofem | myVMC

Femoston is a combination hormone replacement therapy containing dydrogesterone (progesterone) and oestradiol (oestrogen) used to treat menopausal symptoms.

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

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