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Menopause medication

2 min read

Menopause is a natural event in a woman's life. Menopause occurs when there has been a change in a woman's reproductive hormones and the ovaries no longer release any eggs. It usually happens between the ages of 45 and 55. Menopause can cause symptoms that interfere with your daily life. This information explains how treatment can help ease the symptoms.

Menopause is also known as ‘the change of life’. It happens when your ovaries produce less female sex hormones: oestrogen and progesterone. Then your periods stop.

Menopause symptoms vary but generally include hot flushes, changes to your vagina, mood swings and changes in body weight.

Treatments for menopause depends on your symptoms and can include:

Types of menopause medicines

Hormone replacement therapy

Hormone replacement therapy, or HRT, is the most common medical treatment for the symptoms of menopause. They work by replacing the hormone oestrogen (and sometimes progesterone).

Tibolone (Livial)

This is a synthetic (artificial) hormone that has a similar action to oestrogen, progesterone and testosterone.


Antidepressants may be prescribed to help reduce hot flushes, especially if you don’t want to or can’t take HRT.

Important information about menopause medication

All medicines can have side effects. Mostly the side effects of menopause medicines are not serious.

A recent review of evidence has found that HRT is an effective and safe treatment to relieve menopause symptoms for healthy women.

However, it has been previously suggested by some research that HRT may slightly increase the risk of developing some cancers, thrombosis (blood clots in the legs or lungs) and stroke in some women. Such as those who have had breast cancer or heart disease or those have who a higher risk of developing breast cancer or heart disease. More recently, many experts dispute the importance of this research, and if a woman is experiencing unpleasant symptoms, HRT is a reasonable treatment option.

Before taking menopause medicines, you may wish to ask your doctor about:

  • their side effects
  • their benefits
  • what to do if you miss a dose
  • what to do if you experience side effects

Talk to your doctor if you feel unwell when taking your medicines.

Do not change your medicines or stop taking them without talking to your doctor.

Looking for more information about medicines?

healthdirect’s medicines section allows you to search for medicines by brand name or active ingredient. It provides useful information about medicines such as their use, whether they are available on the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme and product recalls.

Last reviewed: February 2018

Need more information?

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Premature and early menopause | Jean Hailes

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Menopause means the end of a woman's periods. Most women experience menopause symptoms and changes to their body at this time. Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is the most widely used treatment for menopausal symptoms.

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Sex After Menopause | myVMC

Changes in sexual feelingsduring and after menopause are caused byhormonal and psychosocial changes, and can be permanent.

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Hormone Replacement Therapy - A Summary of the Evidence for General Practitioners and Other Health Professions | National Health and Medical Research Council

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Vagifem Pessaries (oestradiol vaginal tablets) information | myVMC

Vagifem is a form of hormone replacement therapy used to treat atrophic vaginitis due to oestrogen deficiency in women after menopause.

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Climara | myVMC

Climara is a form of hormone replacement therapy used in menopause. It delivers a synthetic form of oestrogen, oestradiol, via a skin patch.

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Estrofem | myVMC

Femoston is a combination hormone replacement therapy containing dydrogesterone (progesterone) and oestradiol (oestrogen) used to treat menopausal symptoms.

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Alternatives to HRT fact sheet | Women's Health Queensland Wide

Many women explore options for safe and effective complementary or alternative medicine to relieve menopausal symptoms. This fact sheet provides an overview of lifestyle options and popular alternative treatments for women at this time.

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Genoral | myVMC

Genoral is used to treat symptoms of menopause. It is an oestrogen replacement therapy containing piperazine oestrone sulfate.

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Menopause Jean Hailes

Menopause is defined as the final menstrual period. It occurs when there has been a change in a woman’s reproductive hormones and the ovaries no longer release any eggs

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