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Fractures

1-minute read

A bone fracture may also be called a bone break or crack. Bone fractures can be caused by a trauma, such as a sporting injury, motor vehicle accident, or a fall.

Bone fractures can also be caused by minor injuries in conditions that weaken the bones and allow them to fracture more easily (osteoporosis and some types of cancer are examples).

Symptoms of a bone fracture may include:

  • pain
  • swelling
  • deformity
  • bruising
  • loss of function of the limb

Fractured bones require medical attention. If the fracture is the result of a major trauma or accident, call triple zero (000). You should also call for emergency help if the person:

  • is unconscious or not responding - you should perform CPR if there is no pulse or breathing
  • is bleeding heavily
  • has bone visible through the skin
  • has a possible back, neck, or head injury.

 Follow the links below to find trusted information about fractures.

Sources:

Mayo Clinic (Fractures (broken bones): First aid)

Last reviewed: May 2018

Need more information?

These trusted information partners have more on this topic.

Top results

Fractures - bone healing | Sydney Children's Hospitals Network

What happens when childrens bones break? A fractured bone is the same as a broken bone

Read more on Sydney Children's Hospitals Network website

Kids' Health - Topics - First aid - broken bones - info for kids

We call it a fracture [frak-cher] when a bone has been broken or cracked

Read more on Women's and Children's Health Network website

Osteoporosis information | myVMC

Osteoporosis is a condition characterised by weak, brittle bones which fracture easily. It is most common in post menopausal women.

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

Osteoporosis in men | Andrology Australia

Osteoporosis usually affects older women and men. It is a disorder of the skeleton that lessens bone strength, which increases the risk of fracture. Bone

Read more on Andrology Australia website

Moving Safely | Osteoporosis Australia

Preventing Falls - why it's important For people with osteoporosis, even a minor fall can cause a broken bone, so preventing falls has become an important part of managing bone health. Half of all falls occur around the home and approx one third of people over 65 fall each year. It is estimated around 6% of falls result in a broken bone. Falls are most commonly caused by

Read more on Osteoporosis Australia website

Blokes, Bones and Breaks

Osteoporosis is often seen as a woman’s disease but men suffer too. Around 250,000 men in Australia have osteoporosis and this is expected to increase. Men account for 30% of all fractures that occur in people over 50. Osteoporosis can be prevented and treated. Taking early action is the most effective way of preventing a broken bone.

Read more on Osteoporosis Australia website

Plaster care - Better Health Channel

Even after a plaster is removed, the bone is still healing, so take care for at least another month.

Read more on Better Health Channel website

Fracture: babies, children & teenagers | Raising Children Network

Fracture symptoms include pain, swelling and a lump. But if youre worried your child has a fracture, see your GP or go to an emergency department.

Read more on Raising Children Network website

Rib injuries - Better Health Channel

Rib injuries may include bruises, torn cartilage and bone fractures.

Read more on Better Health Channel website

First aid for fractures and dislocations

Information on the management and treatment of fractures and dislocations.

Read more on WA Health website

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