It is very common to get a bump to the head. They can range in seriousness from very minor to life-threatening.
The most common causes of head injuries are falls, assaults and car accidents.
The most common causes of serious head injuries are:
- car accidents
- sports injuries
- accidents at home, such as slips, falls or trips
- accidents at work, such as falls or being hit on the head
An injury to the head can cause a bump or bruise. You may also experience:
- nausea (feeling sick)
- mild headache
- bruising or tenderness and swelling to the scalp
- mild dizziness.
A serious head injury can cause anything from nausea to concussion to bleeding to death.
If you have a fit or seizure or fall unconscious, even if its only for a second, you should call triple zero (000) and ask for an ambulance.
If you are bleeding and it won’t stop, or if you have fluid coming from your nose or ears, you should go to your nearest emergency department immediately.
Not sure what to do next?
If you are still concerned about your head injury, check your symptoms with healthdirect’s online Symptom Checker to get advice on when to seek medical attention.
The Symptom Checker guides you to the next appropriate healthcare steps, whether it’s self care, talking to a health professional, going to a hospital or calling triple zero (000).
Last reviewed: July 2015