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Hepatitis B prevention

If you have hepatitis B it's important to protect others from infection.

Important ways to prevent the spread of hepatitis B include

  • vaccination of all close contacts (family members and sexual contacts)
  • practice safe sex (use condoms) until sexual contacts are fully vaccinated and immune
  • do not donate blood, organs or body tissue
  • do not allow your blood to contact another person (cover cuts, clean blood spills with bleach)
  • inform healthcare workers (including dentists)
  • if your work involves potential for your blood or other body fluid to spread to other people, discuss your situation with your doctor.

The hepatitis B vaccine is safe and effective in protecting against hepatitis B infection, providing protection in 95% of vaccinated people.

It's recommended that people who are at high risk of exposure, immunosuppressed or have other liver disease, be vaccinated against hepatitis B. Talk to your doctor about your level of risk and if vaccination is recommended for you.

Sources: Australian Immunisation Handbook, 2013; G. f. sheet, Hepatitis B, 2012; ncirs hepatitis B fact sheet; W. m. c. 2013, Hepatitis B fact sheet;

Last reviewed: June 2015

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