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Gonorrhoea diagnosis and causes

Causes of gonorrhoea

Gonorrhoea is spread by having unprotected vaginal, anal or oral sex with an infected person.

Gonorrhoea can also be passed from an infected mother to her baby during birth, which can cause eye involvement (neonatal conjunctivitis) and even blindness.

Gonorrhoea diagnosis

Testing for gonorrhoea involves taking a swab (sample) from the urethra in men and the cervix in women. It can also be tested by taking a urine sample.

Sometimes swabs are also be taken from the throat and anus.

It is also important to get tested for other sexually transmitted infections. Almost 40% of people with gonorrhoea also have chlamydia infection.

Not sure what to do next?

If you are still concerned about gonorrhoea (the clap), check your symptoms with healthdirect’s online Symptom Checker to get advice on when to seek medical attention.

The Symptom Checker guides you to the next appropriate healthcare steps, whether it’s self care, talking to a health professional, going to a hospital or calling triple zero (000).



Sources:

Family Planning NSW (Gonorrhoea fact sheet), Let Them Know (Gonorrhoea fact sheet), WA Health (Guidelines for Managing Sexually Transmitted Infections - A guide for clinical care; Gonorrhoea fact sheet)

Last reviewed: June 2015

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