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Gonorrhoea diagnosis and causes

1-minute read

Causes of gonorrhoea

Gonorrhoea is spread by having unprotected vaginal, anal or oral sex with an infected person.

Gonorrhoea can also be passed from an infected mother to her baby during birth, which can cause eye infections (neonatal conjunctivitis) and even blindness.

Gonorrhoea diagnosis

Testing for gonorrhoea involves taking a swab (sample) from the urethra in men and the cervix in women. It can also be tested by taking a urine sample.

Sometimes swabs are also be taken from the throat and anus.

It is also important to get tested for other sexually transmitted infections such as syphilis, chlamydia and HIV.

Not sure what to do next?

If you are still concerned about gonorrhoea (the clap), check your symptoms with healthdirect's online Symptom Checker to get advice on when to seek medical attention.

The Symptom Checker guides you to the next appropriate healthcare steps, whether it’s self care, talking to a health professional, going to a hospital or calling triple zero (000).

Last reviewed: August 2017

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Non-specific urethritis (NSU) refers an inflammation of the urethra in men that is caused by an infection other than gonorrhoea or chlamydia.

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