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Bacterial infections

1-minute read

There is more bacteria in and on our bodies than there are cells in the human body. They live on the skin and in the bowel, and mostly are not contagious or harmful. They are essential for good health. But sometimes they, or more often bacteria from elsewhere, can cause infections.

Bacterial infections can affect the throat, the lungs, the skin, the bowel and many others parts of the body. Many are mild, some are severe. Treatment is usually a course of antibiotics (which don’t work against viruses).

Bacterial infections can be highly contagious and so you need to take special care to avoid spreading infections by washing hands, covering up when sneezing and coughing, and not sharing cups and drink bottles.

Follow the links below to find trusted information about bacterial infections.

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Bacterial infections - NT.GOV.AU

Read more on NT Health website

Meningococcal disease

Meningococcal disease is caused by a bacterial infection and can lead to serious illness. It is uncommon in NSW, and occurs more often in winter and spring. Infants, small children, adolescents and young adults are most at risk. Early treatment is vital.

Read more on NSW Health website

Septic arthritis information | myVMC

Septic arthritis occurs as a result of bacterial infection or immune suppression. It mainly affects young children and the elderly.

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

Guillain-Barr syndrome - Better Health Channel

Most people with Guillain-Barr syndrome experienced some form of viral or bacterial infection before the onset of symptoms.

Read more on Better Health Channel website

Gonorrhoea (sexually transmitted infection) information | myVMC

Gonorrhoea is a common sexually transmitted bacterial infection which usually affects the genito-urinary organs. It is treated with antibiotics.

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

Reiter's syndrome (reactive arthritis) information | myVMC

Reiter's syndrome is a type of arthritis that occurs after a bacterial infection, such as gastrointestinal or sexually transmitted infections.

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

Chlamydia symptoms and treatment information | myVMC

Chlamydia is a bacterial infection. Genital chlamydia is the most common STI in Australia, but the eyes or lungs can also be infected by Chlamydia.

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

Amohexal | myVMC

Amohexal is an antibiotic that treats specific bacterial infections

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

Syphilis | Family Planning NSW

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted bacterial infection that can cause serious health problems if not treated. Find out more information about this STI.

Read more on Family Planning NSW website

Pneumococcal disease | Australian Government Department of Health

Pneumococcal disease is a potentially deadly bacterial infection. It mainly affects young children, older people, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, and people with weakened immune systems. Vaccination is the best protection against pneumococcal disease.

Read more on Department of Health website

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