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Social gatherings and business closures during the COVID-19 outbreak

9-minute read

IMPORTANT: If you have severe difficulty breathing, call triple zero (000) immediately and tell the call handler and the paramedics on arrival about your recent travel history and any close contact with a person with confirmed or probable COVID-19.

COVID-19 restrictions

Use the Restriction Checker to find out what you can and can't do in your state or territory.


Why have some types of gathering, venue and business been restricted?

Some types of businesses, venues and gatherings have been restricted in Australia to help stop the spread of COVID-19.

Most cases of COVID-19 in Australia are connected with people who have returned from overseas or who have been in close contact with someone who has confirmed COVID-19. However, the virus has also spread from person to person in the community, so limiting how and when people come into contact with each other will help slow and lower the transmission rate.

Changes to these restrictions form part of the Australian Government’s ‘Roadmap to a COVIDSafe Australia’, a 3-step plan to reopen the economy. See the next question for more information about this plan.

What is the Government’s ‘Roadmap to a COVIDSafe Australia’?

The ‘Roadmap to a COVIDSafe Australia’ is a 3-step plan to reopen the economy. Each state and territory government will decide when to begin each step. The National Cabinet, made up of state, territory and federal leaders, reviews the roadmap's progress every 3 weeks.

Step 1 aims to reconnect family and friends by allowing slightly more people to gather in public and visit homes. Some hospitality, shops and community areas will open, and kids will go back to school. Some domestic travel can occur and more people can attend weddings and funerals.

Step 2 will permit more people to gather in public and visit homes. Even more retailers and services can open, and there may be some interstate travel.

Step 3 will allow a further increase in the size of public gatherings and more domestic travel.

The plan’s timing and progress will depend on public-health advice, and states and territories won't move to the next step unless it's safe.

More information about the 3-step plan is available on Australia.gov.au.

For more information about the easing of restrictions in your state or territory, use the healthdirect Restriction Checker.

How long will restrictions be in place?

The Australian Government aims to reach the third and final stage of its ‘Roadmap to a COVIDSafe Australia’ in July, but progress will depend on medical advice. Authorities will only ease restrictions if it’s safe.

State and territory governments decide which restrictions to relax and when. To find out what you can and can’t do in your state or territory, use the healthdirect Restriction Checker.

Can I leave my home?

Yes, unless you are self-isolating for 14 days, you can leave your home (or accommodation) for reasons such as:

  • shopping
  • travelling to receive medical care, provide care or for other compassionate reasons
  • exercising
  • travelling to work or for study
  • visiting parks or playgrounds

These types of essential activities have always been allowed: attending medical and healthcare facilities (including pharmacies); shopping in supermarkets and shopping centres (with food courts takeaway only); working in office buildings, factories and on construction and mining sites; and going to school or university.

Where you can go, and how many people you can gather with, depends on the state or territory. Find more information on restrictions in your region using the healthdirect Restriction Checker.

You should continue to practise physical distancing. Penalties, such as fines and jail sentences, may apply if physical-distancing rules are ignored. States and territories are responsible for enforcing this.

People over the age of 70 (over 65 for people with pre-existing medical conditions, or over 50 for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders with pre-existing medical conditions) are strongly advised — for their own protection — to stay at home and avoid unnecessary travel.

If you can, ask family, friends, neighbours or community members to shop for groceries or collect medicines for you.

My children live in a shared-care arrangement between my ex-partner and I. Can they keep moving between homes?

Yes. For families where children alternate between 2 households because of a shared-care situation, existing arrangements should continue.

How many people can I meet with?

Gatherings are limited to different numbers of people, depending on your state or territory and the activity.

Even though some of these restrictions are easing under the Australian Government’s 3-step plan to reopen the economy, you should continue to practise physical distancing and good hygiene. Large social events, such as parties, should not take place at this time.

To find out how many people you can meet with in your state or territory, follow the links below.

Penalties, such as fines and jail sentences, may apply if you don’t follow physical-distancing rules. States and territories are responsible for enforcing this.

Which types of business stopped operating?

Many kinds of business and services (see list below) were suspended or restricted, but some states and territories are beginning to lift restrictions in line with the Australian Government’s guidelines.

Go to the healthdirect Restriction Checker for information on the businesses that are reopening where you live.

Types of business that were suspended due to COVID-19 include:

  • restaurants, cafes and dine-in food courts
  • pubs, clubs, nightclubs and casinos
  • cinemas and theatres
  • indoor and outdoor fitness venues such as gyms, fitness centres, swimming pools and sporting venues
  • health and wellness facilities including health clubs, yoga studios, gyms, saunas, bathhouses and wellness centres
  • real-estate auctions and open-house, non-private inspections
  • personal beauty services (spas, massage and tattoo parlours, nail, tanning and waxing salons)
  • strip clubs, brothels and sex-on-premises venues
  • amusement parks and arcades
  • indoor and outdoor play centres

‘Off-licence’ venues such as bottle shops have been open during this time.

Hairdressers and barbers have continued to operate, but you should limit personal contact and strictly observe the rule of 1 person per 4 square metres where possible.

Can I visit community centres, public venues and outdoor spaces?

States and territories decide when to reopen these spaces. Check the healthdirect Restriction Checker to find out which types of community venue have reopened in your region.

The following types of community venue and activity have been closed or cancelled, but restrictions are gradually lifting:

  • places of worship, such as churches
  • some social and sporting-based activities
  • public swimming pools
  • community, youth and recreation centres such as RSLs and PCYCs
  • public libraries and community halls
  • public playgrounds, outdoor gyms and skate parks
  • galleries, museums, national institutions and historic sites

How many people can attend a wedding, funeral or religious service?

Weddings, funerals and religious gatherings are restricted to a limited number of people, depending on the state or territory in which you live. Use the healthdirect Restriction Checker to find out how many people can attend a ceremony in your region.

Attendees should keep a distance of 1.5 metres from each other and there should not be more than 1 person per 4 square metres. Hand-hygiene products and bins should be available, and frequent cleaning and waste disposal should occur.

How do I avoid infection when I go out?

When you're out in public, it's important to maintain good hygiene and physical-distancing practices:

  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for 20 seconds, or use alcohol-based hand sanitiser (for example, before and after eating, and after going to the toilet).
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue and dispose of it straight away; wash your hands afterwards.
  • Cough or sneeze into your (flexed) elbow.
  • Cough away from other people.
  • Stay more than 1.5 metres away from other people.
  • Ensure there is 1 person per 4 square metres at any gathering.

More frequently asked questions (FAQs)

Click on the links below for more questions and answers about the coronavirus (COVID-19).


Information and alerts

Visit the Department of Health's website for the latest alerts on COVID-19 in Australia, or the World Health Organization's website for global updates.


Resources in other languages

COVID-19 resources in other languages are available from the Department of Health, as well as from the ACT, NSW, Qld, Vic and WA health departments.

Information is also available in Aboriginal languages (NT), as well as about Ramadan during COVID-19 (SA).


Information for health professionals

The Royal Australian College of General Practitioners (RACGP) provides coronavirus (COVID-19) information for GPs.

Learn more here about the development and quality assurance of healthdirect content.

Last reviewed: May 2020


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