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What is a urologist?

4-minute read

A urologist is a specialist surgeon who treats men, women and children with problems of the kidneys, bladder, prostate and male reproductive organs. These conditions include cancer, stones, infection, incontinence, sexual dysfunction and pelvic floor problems.

What training do urologists have?

Urologists complete at least 5 years of specialist training after they become doctors.

In Australia, most urologists are Fellows of the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons, with the letters FRACS after their name.

What conditions do urologists treat?

Urologists specialise in treating a range of urinary tract problems in men, women and children, including:

They can also treat problems specific to men, including:

Some urologists are sub-specialists in particular areas. For example, a paediatric urologist specialises in urinary and reproductive system disorders in children and teenagers.

Other sub-specialities include:

  • robotic surgery, where the urologist uses three-dimensional images and computer-controlled surgical instruments
  • laparoscopic surgery, which uses small incisions and special surgical tools, including miniature video cameras

Where do urologists work?

Urologists see their patients in a clinic or a surgery. Many operate both in public and private hospitals.

How do I find a urologist?

Ask your doctor, close friends or family to recommend a good urologist. You can find a urologist near you by searching the healthdirect service finder.

How much will a urologist cost?

The cost can vary a lot, depending on the type of care you receive, whether it’s in hospital, whether you have private health insurance and on what the urologist charges.

Out of hospital care

If you see a urologist in their rooms, then Medicare will cover:

  • all of the costs if they bulk bill
  • some of the costs if they don’t bulk bill

You can’t use private health insurance for out of hospital care.

Treatment in a public hospital using Medicare

If you are treated in a public hospital or clinic and use Medicare, it is free. Medicare covers all costs.

Treatment in any hospital using private health insurance

If you use private health insurance to be treated in either in a public hospital or a private hospital or clinic, you will be charged by the urologist and by the hospital. You might also be charged for pathology tests, x-rays and other forms of imaging, and by other doctors you see, such as an anaesthetist. Your private health insurance will cover some of these costs.

Asking about costs

It can be expensive to see specialists. Before you go for the first time, ask the urologist or their staff about the costs. You can also ask what Medicare will cover.

If you plan to use private health insurance, you can also contact your health fund.

If the costs are too high, you can:

  • ask the urologist or their staff about a reduction
  • consider another specialist, such as a gynaecologist, or a health service
  • talk to your GP about alternative treatment options

It is important to get a referral from your GP to see a urologist. That way, your doctor can pass on useful information, and the urologist can later tell your doctor about your visit. Also, if you don’t have a referral, neither Medicare nor private health insurance will contribute to the cost of your care.

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Learn more here about the development and quality assurance of healthdirect content.

Last reviewed: September 2020

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