The kidneys’ main functions are to filter or 'clean' your blood of waste products and help control your blood pressure. Find out more about how they work.
Kidney cancer (or renal cancer) grows in the cells of the kidneys. Treatments for kidney cancer are improving, especially if it is detected early.
A kidney transplant is considered a long-term alternative to kidney dialysis. Find out what you need to consider before having the procedure.
Kidney infection (pyelonephritis)
A kidney infection (pyelonephritis) can be unpleasant, but it will usually improve if treated promptly. Learn about symptoms and treatment here.
Your ureters (the tubes that drain urine from the kidneys to the bladder) can become blocked. A nephrostomy is a procedure to drain urine from your kidney using a catheter (tube).
The role of a urologist
Urologists are surgeons who specialise in treating problems of the kidneys, bladder, urethra and adrenal glands in men, women and children.
Dialysis is a way to artificially clean the blood if your kidneys can't cope. Learn about the different types and how to live an active life when you are on dialysis.
Your bladder stores urine. It works with the kidneys to rid the body of waste products through urine. Learn more about your bladder here.
Your urinary system removes waste from your blood in the form of urine, as well as having other important functions. Learn how to keep it healthy.
The urinary tract
The urinary tract can become infected, usually by bacteria entering the urethra. Learn more about the symptoms of an infection and get self care tips here.