‘Intersex’ refers to physical, hormonal or chromosomal differences that don’t fit the typical male or female body. They occur in about 1 in every 100 births.
Trusted information about birth defects from leading Australian health organisations, including links to content on spina bifida and amniocentesis.
Follow the links below to find out more about diethylstilboestrol (DES), a synthetic form of oestrogen.
Craniosynostosis is a birth defect in which the seams (sutures) between the bones in a newborn baby's skull close too early. It can be treated.
Spina bifida is a birth defect that affects a baby’s spine from early pregnancy. Ensuring enough folate in the diet is the best way to reduce the risk of spina bifida.
Congenital heart disease
Congenital heart disease is a birth defect, occurring when a baby is born with a heart that hasn’t formed properly. Some forms of the condition are uncomplicated; others can be very serious. Learn about the differences here.
Heart murmurs are extra sounds made by the heart. Some heart murmurs are serious, some are not — here's what you need to know.
Rubella (German measles)
Rubella (also known as German measles) is best prevented by the MMR vaccination. Learn more about its distinctive rash, other symptoms and treatments.
Long QT syndrome
Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is a disorder of the heart's electrical system that can cause fast, chaotic heartbeats, called arrhythmias.
Hydrocephalus is caused by a build-up of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain. This fluid is essential, but too much of it can create pressure and damage the brain.