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Mild fever of 38 degrees C or more is a common symptom of rubella.

Mild fever of 38 degrees C or more is a common symptom of rubella.
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Rubella (German measles)

Rubella (also known as 'German measles') is a viral infection that used to be common in children. It is usually a mild infection.

Symptoms of rubella include a distinctive red-pink skin rash, swollen glands (nodes), and cold-like symptoms such as a mild fever, sore head and runny nose.

Rubella's incubation period is between 2 and 3 weeks with its infectious period lasting from 1 week before the rash first appears until at least 4 days after it's gone.

It's recommended children are immunised against rubella as part of their routine childhood immunisation program.

What causes rubella?

Rubella is caused by the rubella virus that's spread through personal contact, or by coughing and sneezing. Once you have had rubella then you normally develop a lifelong immunity against further infection.

Rubella is best prevented by the MMR vaccination.

Congenital rubella syndrome

If a pregnant woman who does not have immunity to rubella (either due to previous infection or vaccination) catches the rubella virus, then the virus can be passed on to her unborn baby.

The virus can disrupt the development of the baby, causing a series of birth defects that are known as congenital rubella syndrome (CRS).

The risk of CRS affecting the baby and the extent of the birth defects it causes depends on how early in the pregnancy the mother is infected. The earlier in the pregnancy the greater the risks. CRS can include hearing and visual impairments, developmental delay and other problems in the baby.

As many as 9 out of 10 babies whose mother caught rubella during the first 10 weeks of pregnancy will have CRS, with multiple birth defects. After 20 weeks there is no risk of the baby developing CRS.

Last reviewed: July 2017

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Rubella (German measles)

Rubella is a viral infection and is sometimes called German measles, although it is not related to measles itself. Most people with rubella experience a mild illness involving fever and rash.

Read more on Queensland Health website

Immunise - Rubella (German measles)

Rubella (German measles) Page last updated: 20 April 2015 Rubella (German measles) is a contagious viral illness that is generally mild, causing a fever, rash and swollen lymph glands

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Rubella (German Measles) | myVMC

Rubella (German measles, Three Day Measles) is a contagious viral infection with mild symptoms associated with a rash

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

German measles (rubella)

German measles, also known as rubella, is a mild viral illness. It is a different disease to measles. Most people recover quickly from this infection.

Read more on WA Health website

Rubella or German measles in children | Raising Children Network

Rubella or German measles is a viral illness. Immunisation protects your child from rubella, but see your GP if you think your child has rubella symptoms.

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Parenting and Child Health - Health Topics - Rubella (German measles)

Rubella is a viral infection which is sometimes called German measles. It isusually a mild illness. However it can cause serious harm to an unborn baby if a woman gets it during early pregnancy.

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Rubella

Rubella is a mild illness for most people, but very dangerous for pregnant women and their babies.

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Childhood rashes - myDr.com.au

Distinguish between the childhood rashes of rubella (German measles), measles, chickenpox and fifth disease ('slapped cheek' disease).

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Priorix: MMR vaccine

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Rubella

Rubella is caused by infection with a virus. Infection is usually mild, but can cause serious damage to unborn babies. Immunisation is recommended for all children at 12 months and 18 months of age. All women planning pregnancy should check their immunity.

Read more on NSW Health website

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