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Encephalitis

Encephalitis is an inflammation of the brain. Encephalitis is most commonly caused by a virus, but it can be triggered by other organisms including bacteria, fungi, and parasites. Sometimes it can be caused by a viral disease elsewhere in the body, such as post measles encephalitis. About half of the time, the trigger for encephalitis is uncertain.

Symptoms of encephalitis include:

Encephalitis requires urgent hospitalisation and medical care. With prompt treatment many people with encephalitis make a full recovery, but sometimes encephalitis can cause permanent brain damage or death.

People who are unwell and have symptoms of encephalitis should see their doctor urgently, attend an emergency department or call an ambulance on triple zero (000).

Follow the links below to find trusted information about encephalitis.

Last reviewed: July 2016

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Murray Valley Encephalitis (MVE)

Murray Valley encephalitis is caused by a viral infection, transmitted through mosquito bites. It has the capacity to cause severe human disease and urgent treatment should be sought if suspected.

Read more on NSW Health website

Japanese encephalitis - myDr.com.au

Japanese encephalitis - a vaccine-preventable viral illness that is spread by mosquitos - can cause inflammation of your brain (encephalitis).

Read more on myDr website

Japanese Encephalitis

Japanese encephalitis is a rare but serious infection of the brain caused by a virus that is transmitted through mosquito bites. It occurs in many parts of Asia.

Read more on NSW Health website

Murray Valley encephalitis and Kunjin viruses

Murray Valley encephalitis (MVE) is a rare but potentially fatal disease caused by the MVE virus which is carried by mosquitoes. Kunjin virus is a related virus that is also carried by mosquitoes, but generally causes less severe symptoms.

Read more on WA Health website

Jespect Suspension for injection - myDr.com.au

Jespect Suspension for injection - Consumer Medicines Information leaflets of prescription and over-the-counter medicines

Read more on myDr – Consumer Medicine Information website

Meningitis and encephalitis - Lab Tests Online AU

Overview Meningitis Encephalitis Signs, symptoms & prognosis Tests Prevention & treatment FAQs Related pages

Read more on Lab Tests Online website

Encephalitis in children and teenagers | Raising Children Network

Encephalitis is a serious but uncommon brain infection. Symptoms include sudden fever, vomiting and headache. A child with these symptoms needs a doctor.

Read more on Raising Children Network website

Brain Foundation | Encephalitis

Read more on Brain Foundation website

Primary Amoebic Meningoencephalitis (PAM)

Primary Amoebic Meningoencephalitis (PAM) Category: Infections and Parasites Topic: Parasites Send by email View as PDF Send by post Primary amoebic meningoencephalitis (PAM) is a rare and severe disease caused by a single-celled amoeba called Naegleria fowleri

Read more on Queensland Health website

Human surveillance overview

This page contains and overview of arbovirus and malaria surveillance in the human population of Australia.

Read more on Department of Health website

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