Murray Valley encephalitis is a serious but rare illness caused by a virus you get from being bitten by a mosquito that is carrying the virus. Most reported cases of Murray Valley encephalitis have occurred in northern Australia or Papua New Guinea.
Symptoms and diagnosis
Many people have no symptoms. Others have mild symptoms including including fever, headache, neck stiffness, drowsiness, nausea and vomiting. More severe symptoms may include drowsiness, confusion, neck stiffness, and possibly seizures. Infants may also become irritable or drowsy. Diagnosing the infection may involve a blood test and a lumbar puncture to test a sample of fluid from around the spinal cord.
Murray Valley encephalitis can be fatal in a very small percentage of people.
Murray Valley encephalitis treatment and prevention
There is no vaccine or specific treatment for Murray Valley encephalitis. Therefore, it's especially important to protect yourself from mosquito bites.
To lessen your chance of being bitten by mosquitoes (as well as midges), cover up as much skin as possible and stay inside in the early morning or at dusk. Screen living areas, and make sure you use an insect repellent when you are outside and there are mosquitoes around.
- Download healthdirect's infographic guide to mosquito bites.
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Last reviewed: December 2018