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Peanuts are a common allergen that can cause an anaphylaxis.

Peanuts are a common allergen that can cause an anaphylaxis.
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Anaphylaxis

2-minute read

Cases of severe allergic reactions to triggers, for example food or bites and stings, can lead to anaphylaxis. Anaphylaxis is very serious and can be fatal.

If you think someone is having an allergic reaction, call triple zero (000).

Symptoms of anaphylaxis may include:

  • difficult or noisy breathing
  • difficulty talking and/or hoarse voice
  • a swollen tongue
  • persistent dizziness or collapse
  • swelling or tightness in the throat
  • pale and floppy (young children)
  • wheeze or persistent cough

First aid for anaphylaxis

  1. Lay person flat and keep them still – don't let them stand or walk.
  2. If unconscious, place them in the recovery position.
  3. If breathing is difficult allow them to sit.
  4. Give adrenaline autoinjector.
  5. Phone ambulance on triple zero (000).
  6. Further adrenaline doses may be given if no response after 5 minutes.
  7. Transfer person to hospital for at least 4 hours of observation.

If the person is unresponsive and not breathing normally, start CPR.

If you aren't sure – always give the adrenaline autoinjector. If the person also has asthma, give the adrenaline autoinjector first and then asthma reliever puffer.

For more information on anaphylaxis, including setting up a personal action plan, go to www.allergy.org.au.

People with diagnosed allergies should avoid all triggers and confirmed allergens and have a readily accessible anaphylaxis action plan and medical alert device. It’s wise to ensure your friends and family know how to follow your anaphylaxis action plan too in case you need help.

Follow the links below to find trusted information about anaphylaxis.

Last reviewed: June 2018

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Allergy - EpiPen Use | Sydney Children's Hospitals Network

What is an EpiPen? EpiPen is an emergency device that can inject adrenaline

Read more on Sydney Children's Hospitals Network website

EpiPen Auto-Injector Solution for injection - myDr.com.au

EpiPen Auto-Injector Solution for injection - Consumer Medicines Information leaflets of prescription and over-the-counter medicines

Read more on myDr – Consumer Medicine Information website

Adrenaline auto-injectors

The most effective first aid treatment for anaphylaxis is adrenaline given using an auto injector (such as an EpiPen) into the outer mid-thigh muscle.

Read more on WA Health website

Anaphylaxis

Anaphylaxis is the most severe form of allergic reaction and is potentially life threatening.

Read more on WA Health website

Anaphylaxis - Australasian Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy (ASCIA)

Anaphylaxis is a potentially life threatening, severe allergic reaction and should always be treated as a medical emergency. Anaphylaxis occurs after exposure to an allergen (usually to foods, insects or medicines), to which a person is allergic. Not all people with allergies are at risk of anaphylaxis.

Read more on ASCIA – Australasian Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy website

Anaphylaxis translations - Australasian Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy (ASCIA)

Anaphylaxis information in other languages - Anaphylaxis is a potentially life threatening, severe allergic reaction and should always be treated as a medical emergency.

Read more on ASCIA – Australasian Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy website

Anaphylaxis (anaphylactic reaction) information | myVMC

Anaphylaxis is a sudden, severe allergic reaction which needs emergency medical treatment. Without treatment, swelling can prevent breathing and cause death.

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

Anaphylaxis in children and teenagers | Raising Children Network

Anaphylaxis is a severe allergic reaction. It needs urgent medical attention. Children at risk of anaphylaxis must avoid allergens and have an action plan.

Read more on Raising Children Network website

About allergy and anaphylaxis - Australasian Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy (ASCIA)

About allergy and anaphylaxis - the most severe form of allergic reaction

Read more on ASCIA – Australasian Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy website

Anaphylaxis e-training first aid (community) - Australasian Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy (ASCIA)

ASCIA anaphylaxis e-training for first aid (community)has been developed by ASCIA in response to the recognised need for ready access to reliable and consistentanaphylaxis education throughout Australia and New Zealand.Development of ASCIA anaphylaxis e-training for first aid (community) has included an extensive review process with ASCIA members and patient support organisations throughout Australasia.

Read more on ASCIA – Australasian Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy website

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