Healthdirect Free Australian health advice you can count on.

Medical problem? Call 1800 022 222. If you need urgent medical help, call triple zero immediately

healthdirect Australia is a free service where you can talk to a nurse or doctor who can help you know what to do.

beginning of content

Rheumatic fever

1-minute read

Rheumatic fever is an inflammatory disease that affects many of the body's connective tissues, especially those of the heart, joints, brain and skin. Children aged 5 to 15 years old are most at risk, especially Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children living in rural or remote areas or in difficult conditions.

Symptoms and signs of rheumatic fever may include:

Rheumatic fever is a serious condition and requires medical care. Early treatment with antibiotics can prevent long-term, serious complications of rheumatic heart disease.

Follow the links below to find trusted information about rheumatic fever.

Last reviewed: August 2018

Need more information?

These trusted information partners have more on this topic.

Top results

Rheumatic fever - Better Health Channel

Untreated rheumatic fever can lead to serious complications such as rheumatic heart disease.

Read more on Better Health Channel website

Rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease information | myVMC

Rheumatic fever is an inflammatory disease that sometimes affects the heart. It occurs following infection with bacteria like streptococcus.

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

Strong Heart Strong Body: generic - Information about rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease | Rheumatic Heart Disease Australia

Information on signs and symptoms and how to manage rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease. Booklet using comic book style characters to illustrate the signs and symptoms of rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease

Read more on RHDAustralia website

Acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease

Information on acute rhematic fever, which causes rheumatic heart disease.

Read more on WA Health website

What is Acute Rheumatic Fever? | Rheumatic Heart Disease Australia

Acute rheumatic fever is an illness caused by an autoimmune response to a bacterial infection with group A streptococcus.

Read more on RHDAustralia website

What is Rheumatic Fever? - generic | Rheumatic Heart Disease Australia

An A4 flyer describing who can get rheumatic fever and how it affects the heart.

Read more on RHDAustralia website

A family's journey with acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease | Cherie, Kenya and Luke McAdam | Rheumatic Heart Disease Australia

The McAdam family live every day with acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease. Cherie McAdam's daughter Kenya had recurrent acute rheumatic fever which was underdiagnosed. Kenya now has rheumatic heart disease. Cherie's son Luke is on secondary prophylaxis for acute rheumatic fever. By sharing their story, the family hope to raise awareness to improve care for other

Read more on RHDAustralia website

What can I do to stop rheumatic fever? | Rheumatic Heart Disease Australia

Cartoon style flyer depicting actions to prevent rheumatic fever, including washing hands, brushing teeth and showering

Read more on RHDAustralia website

Margaret and DJ, Fitzroy Crossing | Rheumatic Heart Disease Australia

Local staff initiative helps to improve acute rheumatic fever prevention

Read more on RHDAustralia website

New technology helping doctors make the right diagnosis | Rheumatic Heart Disease Australia

Since 2013, the acute rheumatic fever diagnosis and guideline app has been downloaded over 8,000 times. It can be used in a variety of clinical scenarios, and gives clinicians clear guidance in diagnosing acute rheumatic fever (ARF).

Read more on RHDAustralia website

Healthdirect 24hr 7 days a week hotline

24 hour health advice you can count on

1800 022 222

Government Accredited with over 140 information partners

We are a government-funded service, providing quality, approved health information and advice

Australian Government, health department logo ACT Government logo New South Wales government, health department logo Northen Territory Government logo Government of South Australia, health department logo Tasmanian government logo Government of Western Australia, health department logo