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Rheumatic fever

1-minute read

Rheumatic fever is an inflammatory disease that affects many of the body's connective tissues, especially those of the heart, joints, brain and skin. Children aged 5 to 15 years old are most at risk, especially Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children living in rural or remote areas or in difficult conditions.

Symptoms and signs of rheumatic fever may include:

Rheumatic fever is a serious condition and requires medical care. Early treatment with antibiotics can prevent long-term, serious complications of rheumatic heart disease.

Follow the links below to find trusted information about rheumatic fever.

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Last reviewed: August 2018


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Rheumatic fever - Better Health Channel

Untreated rheumatic fever can lead to serious complications such as rheumatic heart disease.

Read more on Better Health Channel website

What is Acute Rheumatic Fever? | RHDAustralia

Acute rheumatic fever is an illness caused by an autoimmune response to a bacterial infection with group A streptococcus.

Read more on RHDAustralia website

Acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease | The Heart Foundation

Acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease

Read more on Heart Foundation website

About Acute Rheumatic Fever and Rheumatic Heart Disease

Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is damage to one or more heart valves that remains after an episode of acute rheumatic fever (ARF) is resolved

Read more on RHDAustralia website

Acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease

Acute rheumatic fever (ARF), commonly called rheumatic fever, is the body’s immune system reacting to an untreated infection with bacteria called Group A Streptococcus (GAS).

Read more on WA Health website

A family's journey with acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease | Cherie, Kenya and Luke McAdam | Rheumatic Heart Disease Australia

The McAdam family live every day with acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease. Cherie McAdam's daughter Kenya had recurrent acute rheumatic fever which was underdiagnosed. Kenya now has rheumatic heart disease. Cherie's son Luke is on secondary prophylaxis for acute rheumatic fever. By sharing their story, the family hope to raise awareness to improve care for other

Read more on RHDAustralia website

Margaret and DJ, Fitzroy Crossing | RHDAustralia

Local staff initiative helps to improve acute rheumatic fever prevention in Fitzroy Crossing, Western Australia.

Read more on RHDAustralia website

Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) | SA Health

Information on acute rheumatic fever (ARF) & rheumatic heart disease (RHD), including diagnosis, symptoms and treatment

Read more on SA Health website

New technology helping doctors make the right diagnosis | Rheumatic Heart Disease Australia

Since 2013, the acute rheumatic fever diagnosis and guideline app has been downloaded over 8,000 times. It can be used in a variety of clinical scenarios, and gives clinicians clear guidance in diagnosing acute rheumatic fever (ARF).

Read more on RHDAustralia website

Rheumatic Heart Disease: forgotten but not gone | Rheumatic Heart Disease Australia

This World Heart Federation video describes rheumatic heart disease as a chronic heart condition, caused by rheumatic fever, that needlessly kills and disables people living in extreme poverty. High prevalence of the disease has become a marker of poverty and an important factor feeding growing health inequities. Speakers include Jonathan Carapetis and other world experts in

Read more on RHDAustralia website

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