Rheumatic fever is an inflammatory disease that affects many of the body's connective tissues, especially those of the heart, joints, brain or skin. Children 5 to 15 years old, are most at risk, especially Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children living in rural or remote areas or in difficult conditions.
Symptoms and signs of rheumatic fever may include:
- Sore throat (usually starting 2-6 weeks prior)
- Feeling tired
- Muscle aches
- Joint aches and pain
- A rash on the trunk or limbs (uncommon)
Rheumatic fever is a serious condition that requires medical assessment. Early treatment with antibiotics can prevent long term serious complications of rheumatic heart disease.
Follow the links below to find trusted information about rheumatic fever.
Last reviewed: October 2016