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Michael J Fox and Muhammad Ali, have raised awareness of Parkinson’s disease.

Michael J Fox and Muhammad Ali, have raised awareness of Parkinson’s disease.
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Parkinson’s disease symptoms

The symptoms of Parkinson’s disease vary from person to person as well as over time. The disorder affects physical movement and people with Parkinson's may experience fatigue, and changes in mood and patterns of sleep.

The most common symptoms are:

  • tremor or shaking, often in the hand or fingers when resting or tired
  • rigidity or muscle stiffness, which can limit movement and may be painful
  • slowing of movement, which may lead to periods of freezing (inability to start moving)
  • stooped posture and loss of balance.

Other symptoms include:

  • loss of unconscious movements, such as blinking and smiling
  • difficulties with handwriting
  • changes to speech, such as soft, quick or slurred speech
  • anxiety or depression
  • loss of smell
  • constipation
  • lack of urinary control
  • sleep disturbance
  • fatigue
  • impotence
  • drop in blood pressure leading to dizziness
  • difficulty swallowing
  • sweating

Last reviewed: November 2016

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