Parkinson’s disease mainly affects people over 60, but it can come on earlier.
The cause of Parkinson’s disease is not known. It’s thought to be inherited in only a small proportion of cases.
There are also thoughts that exposure to pesticides and herbicides may be a possible cause, although that is not certain.
The main symptoms of Parkinson’s disease are:
- tremor or shaking, which usually begins in one arm or hand
- muscle rigidity or stiffness
- slowing of movement
- stooped posture
- balance problems.
There is no cure for Parkinson’s. However, symptoms can be treated with a combination of:
- medicines to increase or substitute for dopamine
- following a healthy diet with regular exercise
- modifications to the physical environment at home and work
- brain surgery.
Your doctors will tailor your treatment based on your individual circumstances. You will manage your condition best if you have the support of a multidisciplinary team, which may include a physiotherapist, occupational therapist, psychologist, specialist nurse and dietician.