Gout should be treated straight away because it is very painful, and it can cause damage to the joint if not treated. So if you have not had gout before or the attacks are frequent or recurrent, you should see a doctor.
The treatment is with painkillers such as paracetamol (aspirin is not recommended), and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications. In some cases, doctors may prescribe corticosteroids (taken by mouth or injected into an affected joint), or colchicine. These medications will quickly relieve the pain and reduce the swelling and redness.
It is also important to rest the joint. Putting ice on the joint and elevating it can help ease the pain.
Last reviewed: December 2017