While asthma itself is not preventable, self-care and taking sensible preventative measures can reduce the risk of asthma symptoms and the asthma getting worse. Some of the things you can do to help keep your asthma under control are described below.
Self-care is an integral part of daily life. It involves taking responsibility for your own health and wellbeing with support from the people involved in your care. Self-care is what you do every day to stay fit and maintain good physical and mental health, prevent illness or accidents and care more effectively for minor ailments and long-term conditions.
A large part of keeping your asthma under control and preventing 'asthma attacks' involves preventative measures like avoiding known triggers and taking your preventer medicine every day.
As with all long-term conditions, it is important to have regular reviews, so a good relationship with your doctor means that you can easily discuss your symptoms or concerns and adjust your asthma plan.
All people with asthma (or their parents or carers, if children) should consider vaccination against the flu, especially if they have severe asthma. Adults with asthma can also benefit from vaccination against pneumococcal disease in some situations. Vaccination against influenza is free for people with severe asthma and for everyone over 65.
If you are a smoker and you have asthma, you should stop smoking to significantly reduce the severity and frequency of your symptoms. Smoking can also reduce the effectiveness of asthma medication. If you do not smoke and you have asthma, avoid being exposed to tobacco smoke.
Last reviewed: June 2018