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Asthma symptoms include a cough, wheezing, chest tightness and breathlessness.

Asthma symptoms include a cough, wheezing, chest tightness and breathlessness.
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Asthma prevention

While asthma itself is not preventable, self-care and taking sensible preventative measures can reduce the risk of asthma symptoms and the asthma getting worse. Some of the things you can do to help keep your asthma under control are described below.

Self-care is an integral part of daily life. It involves taking responsibility for your own health and wellbeing with support from the people involved in your care. Self-care is what you do every day to stay fit and maintain good physical and mental health, prevent illness or accidents and care more effectively for minor ailments and long-term conditions.

A large part of keeping your asthma under control and preventing 'asthma attacks' involves preventative measures like avoiding known triggers and taking your preventer medicine every day.

And it is important for all long-term conditions, to have regular reviews, so a good relationship with your doctor means that you can easily discuss your symptoms or concerns and adjust your asthma plan.

All people with asthma (or their parents or carers, if children) should consider vaccination against the flu, especially if they have severe asthma. Adults with asthma can also benefit from vaccination against pneumococcal disease in some situations. Vaccination against influenza is free for people with severe asthma and for everyone over 65.

If you are a smoker and you have asthma, you should stop smoking to significantly reduce the severity and frequency of your symptoms. Smoking can also reduce the effectiveness of asthma medication. If you do not smoke and you have asthma, avoid being exposed to tobacco smoke.

Last reviewed: July 2016

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Your asthma medicine

Preventers, relievers and severe asthma treatments

Read more on Asthma Australia website

Preventing Allergies | myVMC

A lot of research over recent years has focused on the prevention of the development of allergies in children as the number of people with allergic diseases has risen dramatically over the last century, with the prevalence of asthma doubling between 1970 to 1990 in Australia, New Zealand, United States and much of Europe. While there is still much research to be done to confirm whether we can actually prevent the development of allergies in children, the following suggestions have been made by the Australasian Society for Clinical Immunology and Allergy to reduce the risk of children becoming allergic.

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

Asthma in children

Find out more about the signs and symptoms of asthma, aids and tips to help you care for your child and what to do if your child has an asthma attack.

Read more on Pregnancy, Birth & Baby website

Asthma medications and how to use inhalers (puffers) video | myVMC

Asthma medications or asthma inhalers include preventers of asthma symptoms and relievers of asthma attacks. The correct inhaler technique must be used.

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

Asthma action plans- video

Asthma action plans detail what to do in an asthma attack and when to use medications including preventers and relievers to control asthma symptoms.

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

Asthma medications and inhaler devices

There are 3 main types of medications used to treat asthma: relievers (blue), preventers (orange or yellow) and symptom controllers (green).

Read more on WA Health website

Ventolin CFC-free Inhaler | myVMC

Ventolin CFC-free Inhaler prevents bronchospasms in asthma and COPD. It contains salbutamol sulfate and it can be used to prevent asthma during exercise.

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

Asthma treatment: children & teenagers | Raising Children Network

The aim of asthma treatment and management is to prevent asthma so children can lead normal lives. But you still need an emergency plan for asthma attacks.

Read more on Raising Children Network website

Physical training for asthma | Cochrane

Some people with asthma may show less tolerance to exercise due to worsening asthma symptoms when they exercise or other reasons such as deconditioning. This can prevent them playing sports or attempting to keep fit. Physical training programs for people with asthma have been designed to improve physical fitness, muscle coordination and confidence.

Read more on Cochrane (Australasian Centre) website

Alvesco | myVMC

Alvesco (ciclesonide) is an inhaled corticosteroid medication used to prevent asthma. It reduces inflammation of the airways.

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

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