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What causes hernias?

Some hernias are there at birth. Some occur after surgery.

Other times, weaknesses develop in the muscles of the belly wall over time and eventually ‘give out’ causing a hernia.

Hernias are generally more common in people whose abdomens are under higher than usual pressure, such as people who do a lot of heavy lifting, are obese, are pregnant, have a chronic cough, or have chronic constipation.

Sources:

Mayo Clinic (Hiatus Hernia, Inguinal Hernia, Umbilical Hernia)

Last reviewed: April 2017

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Hiatus hernia: diagnosis and treatment - myDr.com.au

Hiatus hernia is often diagnosed when doctors investigate reflux with an endoscopy or barium X-ray. The hiatus hernia can show up as a bulge positioned between the oesophagus and your stomach.

Read more on myDr website

Hiatus hernia symptoms

Most hiatus hernias don't cause any symptoms. When symptoms do occur, the most common are heartburn and regurgitation of stomach acid into the mouth.

Read more on myDr website

Hernia

A hernia is the protrusion of organs, such as intestines, through a weakened section of the abdominal wall.

Read more on Queensland Health website

Hernia | myVMC

Hernias such and inguinal or abdominal occur when an organ or structure passes through an abnormal opening and ends up in the wrong place.

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

Hernia - Inguinal | The Sydney Children's Hospitals Network

Read more on Sydney Children's Hospitals Network website

Hernia - Umbilical | The Sydney Children's Hospitals Network

Read more on Sydney Children's Hospitals Network website

Parenting and Child Health - Health Topics - Umbilical care and umbilical hernia

After the cord is cut at birth, your baby will be left with a short stump of cord attached to the umbilicus.(Other words for umbilicus are navel, tummy button orbelly button.)

Read more on Women's and Children's Health Network website

Appendicitis | myVMC

Appendicitis is the sudden onset of inflammation of the appendix, which is a small, finger-shaped blind-ending sac that branches off the first part of the large intestine. Except for a hernia, acute appendicitis is the most common cause in the USA of an attack of severe, acute abdominal pain that requires abdominal operation. It is the most common cause of intra-abdominal infection in developed countries.

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

Parenting and Child Health - Health Topics - Testes (testicles)

The testes (or balls)are formed in the abdomen (belly) while the baby is in the womb and they normally descend (move down) into the scrotum towards the end of pregnancy.Sometimes one or both testes do not descend at birth or over the next few months.

Read more on Women's and Children's Health Network website

Testicular conditions

A number of conditions can affect the testicles (the male sex glands where sperm are made.)

Read more on WA Health website

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