The thyroid is a soft bow-shaped gland which sits in the front of the neck, just below the Adam’s apple. Learn more about what they do and medical conditions related to them.
A thyroidectomy is the removal of all or part of the thyroid gland. It may be used to treat thyroid cancer or an enlarged or overactive thyroid.
Hyperthyroidism (or thyrotoxicosis) occurs when the thyroid gland is overactive and produces too much thyroid hormone.
Goitre is a swelling at the base of your neck. It's caused by an enlarged thyroid gland. Find out more about causes, symptoms and treatments here.
In this autoimmune condition, the thyroid gland in the neck produces too much thyroid hormone that can cause tremor, anxiety, a racing heart, goitre and bulging eyes.
Hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid) is when thyroid gland doesn't make enough thyroid hormone. See symptoms, diagnosis and treatment options here.
Thyroidectomy for suspected cancer (nodule)
A thyroid lump can be caused by cancer. A thyroidectomy involves removing all or part of your thyroid gland. This gives you the best chance of being free of cancer, and helps your surgeon to decide if you need any further treatment.
Thyroid function tests
A thyroid function blood test is used to check your thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), thyroxine (T4), and triiodothyronine (T3) blood levels.
Hashimoto's disease can cause your body to produce too little thyroid hormone. Find out more about its causes, symptoms and treatment.
Total thyroidectomy (for thyrotoxicosis)
The thyroid is a gland in your neck that produces a hormone called thyroxine, which regulates your body's metabolism. The thyroid can become overactive, causing weight loss, sweatiness and eye problems.