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Knee injury as a result of an accident.

Knee injury as a result of an accident.
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Knee injuries

1-minute read

Knees provide stable support for the body and allow the legs to bend and straighten.

The knee is the largest joint in the body and is easily injured. The knee has 4 main types of tissues: bones, ligaments, cartilage and tendons. Any of these important types of tissue can be damaged through injury.

Common knee injuries include:

  • sprains (an over-stretching of ligaments in the knee)
  • strains (over-stretching of muscles and tendons)
  • damage to the cartilage that lines the knee
  • irritation to the kneecap joint

Less common injuries to the knee include:

  • fractures (usually caused by sudden trauma or a direct blow, twisting, or falling on the knee)
  • kneecap dislocations
  • knee joint dislocations (uncommon as it requires a great force)

Knee damage can also occur from underlying disease such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus.

Follow the links below to find information about knee injuries.

Last reviewed: September 2018

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Knee injuries - Better Health Channel

Mild knee injuries may heal by themselves, but all injuries should be checked and diagnosed by a doctor or physiotherapist.

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Knee pain information | myVMC

Knee pain is a common musculoskeletal condition affecting the human body's largest joint. It can result from injuries to the knee or hip.

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Knee replacement surgery - Better Health Channel

Knee replacement surgery removes a diseased knee joint and replaces it with an artificial joint.

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Arthritis and surgery: knee replacement -

If you suffer from arthritis of the knee that remains painful despite treatment with medicines, exercise, rest and supports to assist your mobility, you may benefit from a knee replacement.

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Anterior knee pain (children) Arthritis Australia

Anterior knee pain is pain which occurs in the front of the knee around the knee cap

Read more on Arthritis Australia website

Osgood Schlatter syndrome - Better Health Channel

Osgood-Schlatter syndrome is a painful knee condition that affects adolescents.

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Anterior knee pain in children and adolescents | Sydney Children's Hospitals Network

What is anterior knee pain? Anterior knee pain is a common complaint in children and adolescents

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Pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) information | myVMC

Pigmented villonodular synovitis refers to swelling of joints, most commonly knee and hip, that results in fluid production and may damage the bones.

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Knee ligaments -

This diagram of the knee shows the main knee ligaments - the cruciate ligaments and the collateral ligaments - and how they may be injured.

Read more on myDr website

Osteoarthritis (joint pain) information video | myVMC

Osteoarthritis is a common cause of knee pain and joint pain, and the leading cause of joint replacement therapy (e.g. knee or hip replacement).

Read more on myVMC – Virtual Medical Centre website

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