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Joint diseases and problems

Joint problems can cause pain and make your joints stiff or swollen. They usually happen as a result of overuse, accidents or diseases. See below to learn more about the conditions that can affect your joints.


Amyloidosis is a group of diseases that can affect the brain, heart, joints or kidneys. Learn about causes, diagnosis and treatment.

Ankylosing spondylitis

Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a type of arthritis that mainly affects your spine. There’s no cure for AS, but treatments can help ease your symptoms.


Arthritis is a term for a group of conditions that affect the joints in your body. Learn more about the causes, symptoms and treatments for arthritis.

Arthritis in children (juvenile idiopathic arthritis)

Learn about juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA or juvenile arthritis) – a type of chronic childhood arthritis.

Back pain

Back pain is common and affects many people at some point in their life. Learn about the causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment for back pain.

Baker’s cysts

Baker's cysts are caused by fluid that comes from the knee joint. Here's how to treat the symptoms once diagnosed, and respond to complications.


A bunion is a bony lump that forms between the big toe and the foot, when your joint is pulled out of line. Read about bunion treatment here.


Bursitis is the inflammation of the fluid-filled cushions (bursae) close to our joints, for example, the hip, elbow, knee, heel or shoulder.

Ehlers-Danlos syndrome

People with Ehlers-Danlos have very loose joints and easily bruised or stretchy skin. Symptoms can be managed, but there is a higher risk of injury.


Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition that causes generalised pain in your muscles and bones, extreme tiredness and poor sleep.


Gout is a type of arthritis caused by a build-up of uric acid, leading to symptoms like painful joint inflammation. Learn more here.

Heel pain

A lot of people suffer from heel pain. Find out about symptoms, treatments, self-care options and when to seek medical attention from a specialist.

Hip dysplasia

Hip dysplasia is usually detected in babies, but adolescents and adults may also experience symptoms. Find out more about the disorder here.

Hip pain

Hip pain is very common. Learn more about the signs, symptoms, treatments and self-care options and when to seek medical attention.

Joint pain and swelling

Joint pain and swelling can affect any joint in the body. Learn more about managing pain and living well.

Knee injuries

It can be easy to injure your knee and cause a strain or sprain. Find out how knee injuries are treated and can be managed at home.

Knee pain

Knee pain is a common problem with many causes. Find out more about the symptoms of knee pain and when you should seek medical treatment.

Leg pain

Leg pain is any ache or discomfort you get between your groin and ankle. Read here to find out more about leg pain symptoms, causes and treatment.


Lupus is a disease where your immune system attacks your own normal cells. Its cause is not yet entirely understood, but treatments are available.

Neck pain

Neck pain

Neck pain is a common condition that can affect anyone. Learn what can cause neck pain and how to treat it here.


Osteoarthritis is a common, long-term joint condition that causes pain and limits joint movement. Learn more about the causes, symptoms and treatment.

Paget's disease of bone

Paget's disease is a condition that weakens and deforms your bones. Read more information about symptoms, diagnosis and treatment.

Perthes disease

Perthes disease is a painful condition of the hip which usually occurs in children. It can take time, but most children recover fully. Read more here.

Polymyalgia rheumatica

Polymyalgia rheumatica causes inflammation in the joints and the surrounding tissues. Learn more about its symptoms and the treatment options.

Psoriatic arthritis

Psoriatic arthritis is a disease that affects your joints. It occurs in people with psoriasis. Learn more about the symptoms and treatment here.

Raynaud's phenomenon

Read about Raynaud's phenomenon, where parts of your body (often the fingers) change colour and feel numb and cool when you get cold or stressed.

Rheumatoid arthritis

Experiencing pain and swelling in the smaller joints in your hands or feet? It could be rheumatoid arthritis. Find out more here.

Wearing gloves can help prevent symptoms of scleroderma.


Scleroderma is an autoimmune condition affecting the connective tissue in the body. Learn more about its symptoms, diagnosis and management.

Shoulder pain

Shoulder pain has many different causes. The pain may occur in the joint itself, or in the many muscles, tendons and ligaments in the shoulders.

Sjögren’s syndrome commonly affects your tear glands.

Sjögren’s syndrome

Sjögren’s syndrome is a condition of your immune system that commonly affects your eyes and salivary glands. Here's how your doctor may diagnose it.

Temporomandibular joint dysfunction

Pain in the jaw or 'locking' of the jaw can be symptoms of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction. Learn more about TMJ symptoms and treatments.

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