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Joint diseases

A joint is where two bones meet, like at the knee or shoulder. Joint injuries can be caused by dislocations or strains that force them out of position.

Inflammation (arthritis) and swelling (bursitis, fluid on a joint) are signs of damage. They can be painful, reducing movement and may require drug treatment or surgery. Follow the links below to find trusted information about joint diseases.

Last reviewed: February 2014

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Osteoarthritis - Lab Tests Online AU

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative joint disease caused by wear and tear of the joint cartilage and the formation of new bone (bone spurs) at the edges of the joints. The cartilage of the affected joint wears down until there is none left and the opposing bones rub together. The joints most commonly affected are those of the hips, knees, fingers, big toe and spine. Risk factors for osteoarthritis include age, female sex, obesity and joint injury.

Read more on Lab Tests Online website

Salazopyrin Tablets -

Salazopyrin Tablets - Consumer Medicines Information leaflets of prescription and over-the-counter medicines

Read more on myDr – Consumer Medicine Information website

Pyralin EN Tablets -

Pyralin EN Tablets - Consumer Medicines Information leaflets of prescription and over-the-counter medicines

Read more on myDr – Consumer Medicine Information website

Gout | Better Health Channel

Read more on Better Health Channel website

Arthritis, anxiety and depression

Up to two-thirds of people with arthritis say their condition has affected them emotionally. With careful management, symptoms of anxiety and depression can be treated along with those of arthritis.

Read more on beyondblue website

Joint hypermobility syndrome

Children and adolescents with “joint hypermobility” have joints which move beyond the normal limits. Many famous gymnasts, musicians, trapeze artists and dancers have been able to achieve fame due to the flexibility of their joints.

Read more on Sydney Children's Hospitals Network website

Arthritis - juvenile

Juvenile arthritis is a general term that describes all types of arthritis diagnosed in someone under the age of 16 years.

Read more on Better Health Channel website

Arthritis in Childhood

Online videos and DVD's of the personal stories and patient experiences of children with arthritis.

Read more on RealTime Health website

Ageing and Sleep

Important things about aging and sleep. Sleep is important to health and well-being. Sleep health is vital to good health. A lack of sleep affects mood, concentration, memory, weight, driving skills and quality of life. Medical sleep disorders such as obstructive sleep apnoea (apnea), insomnia, snoring, restless legs syndrome and narcolepsy contribute to high blood pressure, diabetes and heart disease. Poor sleep is a mojor cause of lost productivity and accidents in the workplace, road and at home. Sleep is one of the pillars of good health.

Read more on Sleep Health Foundation website

Rheumatoid arthritis and osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a condition in which the bones become fragile, leading to a higher risk of breaks or fractures. A minor bump or fall can be enough to cause a break in someone with osteoporosis. People with rheumatoid arthritis are at increased risk of developing osteoporosis. This factsheet explains how rheumatoid arthritis can affect your bones, how to find out if you are at risk of osteoporosis, and what you can do to help protect your bone health.

Read more on Osteoporosis Australia website

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