Dyslexia is a learning difficulty that affects reading and spelling. It occurs when the brain is unable to translate written words into meaningful language. Dyslexia is sometimes also called “specific reading disability”.
Dyslexia affects between 3 and 10 percent of the population and is the most common learning disability in children. People with dyslexia are born with it and often have other family members with the condition. Individuals with dyslexia can learn and be productive, however they may learn in different ways. Often people with dyslexia have average or above average IQ.
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Last reviewed: July 2016