There are a number of things you can do to help prevent confusion:
- don’t drink too much alcohol
- avoid recreational (illegal) drugs
- eat a healthy, balanced diet with plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables to prevent vitamin or mineral deficiencies
- if you are diabetic, keep an eye on your blood sugar levels to prevent hypoglycaemia or hyperglycaemia occurring
- rest and get enough sleep
- take any prescription medicines you are given and take the correct dose.
Call triple zero (000) and ask for advice if:
- the confusion has come on suddenly
- your symptoms get worse
- you develop new symptoms
- you have other signs of illness like a fever
- your skin or lips are turning blue
- you become increasingly concerned.
If you need to help a confused person:
- stay with them
- if you can check their blood sugar if they are diabetic. If it's too high call triple zero (000). If it's too low give them a sugary snack or drink and wait for 10 minutes. If there's no improvement, call triple zero (000)
- remind the person where they are - this information should be repeated throughout the conversation
- try to keep the person safe from harm.
Read more about how you can help someone with longer term confusion.
Not sure what to do next?
If you are still concerned about your confusion treatments, check your symptoms with healthdirect’s online Symptom Checker to get advice on when to seek medical attention.
The Symptom Checker guides you to the next appropriate healthcare steps, whether it’s self care, talking to a health professional, going to a hospital or calling triple zero (000).
Learn more here about the development and quality assurance of healthdirect content.
Last reviewed: September 2017